Legal Law

Glycoproteins and their health benefits

INTRODUCTION

In 1999, the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to Gunter Blobel for the discovery that proteins have intrinsic signals that govern their transport and location in the cell. It was based on this research on how cells use these signals that the functions of glycoproteins were discovered.

Glycoproteins are molecules that have sugars and proteins attached to them. The sugar chains of glycoproteins play a role in determining their fate in the cell or body. The binding of sugars to proteins to form glycoproteins significantly alters the properties of these proteins.

There are eight sugars that predominantly bind with proteins to form glycoproteins, these are: xylose, galactose, glucose, mannose, fucose, N-acetylgalactosamine, N-acetylglucosamine and N-acetylneuraminic acid.

WHAT ARE THE FUNCTIONS OF THE GLYCOPROTEINS?

Glycans contain biological information and are the specific sequence of sugars in a glycoprotein that determines its recognition and interaction with other molecules in the cell, often resulting in a biological effect or response. These impart their function to the glycoproteins.

Glycoproteins have many functions in the human body. Some interesting functions are that they are used structurally in the body to form some types of collagen; or they are involved in cell-cell interactions, such as in the proteins involved in sperm-egg interactions during fertilization or how cells come together to form tissues and communicate with each other. They also work in cell signaling.

Cell signaling is the related study of how healthy cells respond adequately in health to various stimuli, for example, hormones, growth factors, drugs, cell-cell contact, etc. Glycoproteins on the surface of one cell bind to glycoprotein receptors on another cell, allowing cells to communicate with each other. These communications then result in other cellular events, such as the secretion of bioactive substances, the death of bacteria and cellular debris, the inhibition of adherence necessary for bacterial infection. Conversely, responses may be inappropriate in certain diseases, such as cancer and cancer cell metastasis.

Lectins, for example, are proteins that selectively bind to glucans. One lectin will recognize and bind to the mannose at the end of a glycan, while others will recognize and bind to glycans that contain fucose, galactose, or other sugars. A class of lectins called selectins helps white blood cells reach sites of inflammation.

WHAT IS GLYCONUTRITION?

Glyconutrition is the supplementation of the 8 main sugars that the body needs from glycoproteins. They are considered essential nutrients, just like essential amino acids or essential fatty acids, which means you need to get them from your diet.

WHY IS GLYCONUTRITION CONSIDERED ESSENTIAL?

There are metabolic pathways for the synthesis of sugars other than glucose from glucose, and glucose was long thought to be the most important dietary sugar; It has recently been shown that glycoprotein formation actually prefers to use essential sugars other than glucose (eg mannose) provided in the diet as substrates. In fact, if only glucose is supplied, the liver malfunctions due to a lack of other essential sugars, indicating that the body simply cannot synthesize all the other essential sugars from glucose to the extent that they are needed.

WHERE ARE THE 8 SUGARS OBTAINED FROM IN THE DIET?

These 8 sugars will only appear in ripe fruit and vegetables on vine; this essentially means that the fruit or vegetable ripens on the plant. However, this is a process that no longer occurs in modern agriculture. Much of our fruits and vegetables are picked green and artificially ripened before being placed on the supermarket shelves. This unfortunately means that we have to supplement with them to obtain the eight necessary sugars essential for health.

HOW CAN CORRECT GLYCOPROTEIN TRAINING CONTRIBUTE TO DISEASE MANAGEMENT?

As can be seen in the previous paragraphs, glycoproteins are vital for the health and maintenance of the human body; So much so, that extensive research has been conducted on them in relation to certain diseases.

Implications for cancer. Research has shown that there are changes in the sugars in cancer cells’ glycoproteins. These changes are related to the adhesion properties of the cancer cell and its ability to adhere to other cells in the body or metastasize. These altered glycoproteins may also be related to the tumor’s ability to avoid immune system responses. Altered glycoproteins have been found in cancers of the intestine, pancreas, liver, ovary, prostate, and lung.

Glycoproteins that have mannose in their structure have been shown to activate macrophages (a cell of the immune system), one of the most important cells involved in fighting cancer. In addition, the release of substances from the macrophage is stimulated, which activates natural killer cells (another cell of the immune system involved in the elimination of cancer cells).

Implications for chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia. The main symptoms of these conditions include muscle and joint pain, chronic fatigue, unrefreshing sleep, chronic tension, migraines, and irritability of the intestines and bladder. The immune, endocrine (eg, hormones), nervous (eg, neurotransmitters, sleep pathways, psychological stress), and muscular (eg, tender points) systems of the body are intimately involved in these syndromes. All glycoproteins play an important role in maintaining the health and normal functioning of these systems. Therefore, supplementation with the 8 simple sugars can have a positive impact on these syndromes.

Implications for inflammation. Inflammation itself is not a disease, but occurs as a result of tissue injury, as in a bacterial infection. Inflammation is usually beneficial to the individual. However, this process can get out of control, since many diseases that affect us are inflammatory in origin. As noted above, glycoproteins help guide immune cells to sites of inflammation, and they are also involved in the process of allowing immune cells to pass through the wall of blood vessels and enter tissues at the site of inflammation. .

Implications for Helicobacter pylori-induced peptic ulcers. Helicobacter pylori binds to 2 specific glycans on the cell surfaces of the stomach and duodenum. Once attached, the bacteria release various enzymes that, together with the acidic content of the stomach, cause ulceration. Glycans are the first molecules that bacteria find as a means of attaching themselves to cells. The 8 sugars compete with bacteria for adherence to glycans and is a way of blocking bacterial adhesion.

Implications for stress. Research has shown that glycoprotein formation is significantly altered in various types of stress, such as infection, inflammation, and trauma.

Stress exists in many forms, be it psychological (as in nervous system dysfunction), environmental (as in extreme heat or chemical toxins), or physical-chemical (as in exercise). Glycoproteins prevent and repair damage to cells as a result of these stresses.

Implications for rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory condition and glyconutritions are known to positively affect inflammation.

RA is an autoimmune disease, which means that antibodies are produced against the body’s own tissues; This implies that there is a lack of communication between the immune system and the joint tissue. The abnormal antibody produced is IgG, which has less than normal amounts of galactose in its structure, and during remission this reduction in galactose is reversed.

Fucose has also been found to be markedly reduced in RA patients. The greater the fucose deficiency in RA patients, the more severe the symptoms.

Supplementation of the necessary sugars, that is, galactose and fucose, that the body needs to fight this disease.

On the subject of autoimmune diseases, I would like to share a case of mine successfully treated with the ise of these 8 essential sugars. Ms. T. introduced me to discoid lupus, which is a milder case of lupus that predominantly affects the skin and causes hard, scar-shaped lesions. He had these injuries scattered all over his body. I prescribed powdered sugars, 5g / day. After using them for a period of 3 months, all of her skin lesions healed completely, and her antinuclear factor had dropped to normal blood levels.

In my personal experience with these sugars, I have found that they are the best in treating autoimmune diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, etc. If you have any questions about using the 8 sugars for your health condition (s), please feel free to contact me.

CONCLUSION

As can be seen from the previous article, proper glycoprotein formation plays an important role in maintaining health and fighting disease. Sadly, six of the eight sugars no longer appear in our food supply and it has become necessary to supplement with these sugars to maintain optimal health.

Legal Law

How to develop confidence in basketball that rules the court like the stars

Congratulations. Take a couple of seconds to pat yourself on the back (3 times). Ahead. Has to. There is no one looking. “Rali, why should you pat me three times on the back?

That’s easy … by reading this article, you have just placed yourself in the top 10% of the world’s best basketball players who actively seek advice, tactics, knowledge, and experience on how to improve their basketball skills and produce better “in results”. court.

I know reading an article doesn’t sound like much, but it shows commitment, desire, and interest in improving your game and becoming the basketball player you know you can be. (Very few players show this and have this kind of mental attitude)

Think about it, on a given basketball team, how many players have personal trainers / trainers? How many have basketball improvement DVDs or books at home? How many players have attended basketball camps and clinics to learn the game-changing secrets of basketball?

It is 10%. That is all. I know because I did the research. I have had a basketball transformation company for 6 years and those are the numbers. You are now in that top 10% of the world’s most committed, determined, and unique basketball players. And that’s why you should pat yourself on the back.

So let’s get started with the secrets and tactics I’ve used to help players who lack confidence transform their game, break their fears, and easily develop unstoppable confidence in All-Star basketball.

In this article, I’m going to show you 2 things:

First, the real reason behind your lack of self-confidence, what is causing you to refrain from throwing the ball or making a play, and the mental reason why you are afraid of making mistakes on the court.

AND

Second, how you can easily develop unstoppable confidence in basketball so that you can step out onto the court and produce the basketball results you’ve been imagining in your head (dominating the game, making all-star plays, scoring 20 points per game, or more, and wink at the cute cheerleader on the sideline in style =)

Self-confidence in your soul is equivalent to gasoline in your car, without it you are not going anywhere. Lack of self-confidence will take you to the bench or, worse, to the stands. It is vitally important that you know these secrets so that you can develop your self-confidence like a star.

Are you ready to inject a dose of “mental confidence” into your game and your life?

Let’s go!

So have you realized that you don’t have confidence on the basketball court? That is a bitter feeling. I know how you feel, I’ve been there myself. Now, let’s take a look at what’s really going on and how you can easily destroy your lack of self-confidence for good.

What you really mean when you say “I’m not confident” is “I’m not sure.”

You see, certainty is one of the 6 human needs that we all MUST have in order to live well and function functionally. When he’s absent, all sorts of weird nonsense happens in our heads (including a lack of self-confidence).

You are not sure what will happen in your next game. He is not sure if he will take his next shot. You are not sure if you are part of the basketball team. You are not sure you are making the right move.

You see, all that really is a lack of self-confidence is a lack of certainty. Here is a real life example:

If you take a look at where you are right now, while reading this article, take a look at the ceiling above your head. You are absolutely sure that the roof over your head will not collapse. You are sure that it will not collapse or fall. You are sure that you are safe. If you weren’t sure about the roof over your head, would you ever get close to it? Would you ever walk under it? Would you ever put your bed under her?

I do not believe it.

The same rules apply to you and your game of basketball. Your lack of confidence in yourself is actually a lack of certainty. The only reason you hold back is because you have no certainty. Lack of certainty is the only reason you are not the basketball player you want to be.

Well, we have identified the problem, that is good, but it does not produce changes. Only the solution produces change. Let’s see the real solution to destroy your fear and lack of self-confidence once and for all.

First, don’t take your lack of uncertainty personally. It has nothing to do with you. It has everything to do with your future. Your future is always unknown. It is always uncertain. The only reason you lack self-confidence on the basketball court is because you are focusing your thoughts on your fears. You’re thinking about what you don’t want to happen.

But it is not personal. Brush it off and say, “I’m not sure what will happen tomorrow, I’ll do my best and pursue my dream anyway.”

Second, stop focusing on what you fear. Fear represents Fthe rest meevidence FORappearing Real. Having your mind focused on your fear is the fastest way to develop a lack of self-confidence. There is a successful saying that goes something like this: “You become what you think about.”

If you don’t believe it, look in the mirror and see if everything you think you are is reflected on you. How do you think you look? What you believe. You become the literary in what you think.

You see, the mind is a goal seeking mechanism, what you think about what it produces is. What you focus on becomes your reality. What you believe becomes true. What you pay attention to becomes important and intensifies.

Third, reduce the intensity in your mind of how important it is to produce whatever results you want to produce on the basketball court. Ask yourself: “From a 1 to a 10, how important is it that I do___”. If you lack self-confidence, I’m sure that number is at least 7 or higher.

How much would you think about it if it was just a 3 or less? Would you still be afraid of messing up or making a mistake?

No, you wouldn’t mind. And that is the attitude you should adopt. You have to know exactly what you want. Make a serious commitment to get what you want. Work hard and learn the secrets and tips that others have used before you to create a similar result. And do your best when you call their number and an opportunity presents itself.

But, with understanding, as you pursue your dream, you will make mistakes. They are unavoidable. You’re going to screw it up. Don’t take your faults or mistakes personally. A mistake is a teacher. A mistake is a learning experience.

When you make the mistake or make a mistake, acknowledge it, don’t take it personally, and understand the correction you need to make to ensure that you never do it again. Mistakes are not bad, but making the same mistake over and over is mental suicide.

My last suggestion for you is that you stop comparing yourself, your talent and where you are now in your career with others. When most players feel inadequate or lack self-confidence, self-comparison with other players is often lurking. It is a destroyer of dreams.

The only person you need approval of is yourself. Now if you live with your parents, there are some rules that I’m sure you should follow, but don’t seek approval from anyone else. And never compare yourself to other basketball players. You have no idea how long they have been playing. How much training they have had, how many hours a week they spend working on their game, or from whom they have learned and from whom they have been trained.

Comparing yourself is ridiculous. It won’t make you better. If you want to make a goal to get to the level of the game another player is playing, by all means go ahead. Choosing another player as your target and saying that you want to be better, or as good as him or her, is healthy. But comparing your game and talent with that of another player is disastrous.

Do not do it.

I just shared with you some of the secrets I used to transform ballplayers so they can achieve their goals of being a star and playing college ball. The secrets I just revealed are easy and straightforward. Don’t take them for granted. Anything complicated is usually too difficult to incorporate. It’s the simple secrets that make an incredible change in your game.

Legal Law

What every lawyer should know about pro bono work

Lawyers generally have a moral responsibility in representing clients and in choosing the methods by which the interests of their clients can best be preserved. Beyond this, there is an overriding moral premise that lawyers, who have benefited greatly from the gift of legal education and have been well equipped with useful skills, have an obligation to help the less fortunate in society.

This is the community foundation of legal ethics that requires a lawyer to be more than a court official or guardian of the law, but also to possess the virtue of good character. A character through which he personally influences and positively affects people. The moment a lawyer with integrity realizes how privileged it is to have been favorably placed in society, he is driven to do good. This is not to downplay the efforts each attorney made to become who they are, but without the good fortune of being in a community where a lifelong gift of knowledge and discernment can be imparted, those efforts might not have happened. given the expected results. So why shouldn’t we give back to that community that made it possible for us to be who we are today?

There is no doubt that attorneys have faced widespread disgrace over the years, as our profession and practice often make us look like the enemy. The image of lawyers is a subject of great debate and, in most cases, lawyers are subject to criticism, both fair and unfair. Reviews of the legal profession you read often quote Shakespeare’s line, “First thing we do, let’s kill all the lawyers.” It is understandable that there is always a negative image of lawyers, since lawyers will continue to play a role in an adversarial system that produces winners and losers. The effect of this point of view, however, can be dissipated by our direct involvement in the community. This is not a defense for a complicated or exaggerated participation. It is simply a call to help those less fortunate than us, with the sincerest wish. Until our focus is on how we can capitalize on those abilities, skills, and motivations that we possess to do good, we cannot expect great adulation from the public.

Therefore, to generate good, lawyers must get involved in the business of the underprivileged. We have a responsibility to provide legal services to those who cannot pay. Attorneys who are already involved in pro bono legal services can testify that helping this group of people can be one of the most rewarding experiences in the life of any attorney. The rewards range from the gratitude of the person who has just emerged from a difficult situation to the fact that you form an established and rewarding relationship when the person’s story changes for the better.

For young attorneys who do not always have the opportunity to handle things on their own as a result of the complexity of the law, pro bono work is beneficial. It not only feels good and gives a sense of satisfaction, but it also provides experience and creates an avenue to exercise and develop skills and techniques that would later be used on larger matters. As such, pro bono work confers an immediate benefit to young attorneys in both satisfaction and experience.

For more experienced attorneys, there may come a time in their legal career when they begin to feel dissatisfied, uninspired, and bored. When they have boarded and conquered the legal world and amassed a great fortune for themselves. The question “and then what?” begins to resonate in their minds. This is the moment when they wonder if what they have been doing was really what they wanted to do. It takes much more to feel satisfaction and personal pride than material enrichment. Marshall Jones, in his memoir, ‘A Lawyer’s Mid-Career Memoir’ acknowledged that despite having been involved in literally hundreds of business transactions and lawsuits, most of which, thankfully, involved paying a legal fee, his recollections The most endearing involved matters in which he won without charge. Her account of how she argued the case of Sarah Hoffman, a brave girl who was born without unusable arms and lower limbs, to the Caddo Parish School Board that federal law required the School Board to provide disabled access to children with disabilities physics is compelling and inspiring. .

Success in the legal profession should be understood less related to the financial rewards of the practice and more related to established relationships and lives that feel the touch of humanity through us. If your life in the legal profession does not have a great purpose, it will not bring you great joy. I implore everyone who can make a difference to make that decision today!

Bukola Helen Olusolade

LL.B, BL, LL.M,

[email protected]

Legal Law

Why judicial corporal punishment is better than imprisonment

Today, naturally, we think of incarceration as more modern and advanced than judicial corporal punishment, but it is not true that incarceration is always better. The facts clearly show that prison does not rehabilitate or deter many crimes and simply keeps criminals out of circulation while in prison. While the execution of judicial corporal punishment is horrendous and generally bloody, the effects of imprisonment are worse. Prison removes criminals from their families, marriages, jobs, friends, communities and churches and puts them in an extremely bad moral environment for years. Incarceration does not offer the benefit of example, because it is hidden behind prison walls. In prison, convicts learn criminal skills, join or rejoin gangs, fight, go crazy or become depressed, suffer in solitary confinement, and adopt unhealthy prison values ​​and customs. Most of the time, inmates don’t learn the job and life skills they need to be successful on the outside. After their release, more than half end up in prison again.

All slave systems in history flogged slaves, which shows their effectiveness. Stable nations that use judicial corporal punishment today enjoy significantly lower crime rates than countries that do not. Historically, corporal punishment was abolished only because it is an unpopular reminder of a lower social status. For example, as St. Paul reminded a Roman soldier, Roman citizens could not be flogged. In most Western countries, it was reduced or abolished shortly after political equality of citizens was achieved: in France after the French Revolution, in Germany after the 1848 revolution, in the United States after the Revolution. American and then more fully after the American Civil Revolution. War. After Britain abolished it, its crime rates rose dramatically.

Former slaves interviewed as part of the Federal Writers Project from 1936 to 1938 confirmed the efficacy of corporal punishment, especially in disciplining young men. Some former slaves said that corporal punishment taught them valuable lessons. Former slaves, in particular, observed that it was necessary and effective. While we often associate flogging with slavery in the United States, General George Washington used it effectively to discipline his primarily white troops. The Continental Congress initially authorized Washington to apply no more than 40 lashes, but in 1776, Washington sought and obtained the authority of Congress to impose 100 lashes. Shortly before the Battle of Yorktown, Washington sought the authority to impose 500 lashes. Thomas Jefferson provided “stripes” in a statute that he drew for Virginia. In its early years, the United States dispensed with large-scale prisons.

When performed in public, corporal punishment provides a much better example than prison time. Effectively deter crime. Intense pain fills the offender with the desire to avoid pain in the future. The boredom of prison does not convey the same message. Corporal punishment gives offenders an immediate opportunity to change their behavior and join a law-abiding society. Before incarcerated convicts can reform, they must first endure a clean version of Hell that discourages their improvement and does not impart the skills they will need when released.

Judicial corporal punishment is much less expensive and time consuming than incarceration. Incarceration burdens taxpayers with expenses for food, clothing, shelter, medical care, security, personnel costs, construction expenses, and other burdens. America’s 2.3 million inmates are essentially a large mass of full welfare recipients. Incarceration removes people from the productive economy, cages them, and prevents most of them from working productively or efficiently in the private sector. Prison industries are state-owned companies and generally only manufacture products for state use. There are not enough prison jobs for everyone.

Flogging does not exclude imprisonment. Like prison time, it can be carried out over the head of the parolee or parolee. But corporal punishment is faster and more flexible. Multiple doses of flogging can be administered in the time it takes to serve a one-year prison sentence. Some criminals will want to “get it over with” and plead guilty, accepting responsibility earlier.

Judicial corporal punishment will not break families, marriages, communities and careers as incarceration does, nor will it increase welfare costs as much as mass incarceration.

Our society abhors the idea of ​​spanking. Rarely depicted as a valuable punishment, it is often mistaken for a more arbitrary parental corporal punishment. But the more people learn about modern mass incarceration in the United States, the less they will object to judicial corporal punishment. The studies applicable to the often arbitrary and abusive parental corporal punishment do not apply to the rational use of judicial corporal punishment. We do not have scientific studies on judicial corporal punishment. All we have is history … and a growing awareness of the social disaster caused by modern mass incarceration.

Legal Law

The rise of free online college courses

To say that attending college is an expensive process is an understatement. In 2012, total student debt in the United States is believed to have exceeded $ 1 trillion. In 2011, the New York Times reported that average student debt was about $ 26,500 and online college courses aren’t much cheaper. However, the advent of free online college courses, others known as MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses), could change the face of education forever.

It started as an experiment, but all indications are that it will be a huge success with a large number of public universities willing to offer MOOCs to anyone who applies in the hope that many of the participants will pass the course; Enroll in college and pay the normal tuition fees. In a country where a degree in religious and women’s studies from a prestigious university can cost up to $ 100,000, MOOCs could open up the world of education to students. Why are universities interested in offering these free trial courses? Many American universities are in debt and need some method to attract more students.

Growth of a phenomenon?

The University of Arkansas, the University of Cincinnati, and the State of Arizona are just three of the most respected universities participating in the plan. MOOC growth really skyrocketed in 2012 when startups like Udacity and edX came to light and offered hope to those who previously couldn’t afford education. These courses were founded by professors from top schools like Stanford and Harvard, and millions of people around the world accepted the professors’ offer.

At this stage, one wonders if MOOCs can one day replace college degrees. If this were the case, it would make a huge difference to an incredible number of potential students. One problem was that universities weren’t giving credit for MOOCs, but even this seems to be about to change. Several universities in Austria and Germany are giving credit for MOOCs and this could be extended to American educational institutions, as the state of Colorado has made noise about following the lead of its European counterparts. The University of Washington is also considering this course of action, although university students will have to pay a fee and do additional work with a professor from the institution if it goes ahead with the plan.

The future of MOOCs

These free online courses are no longer a novelty and will continue to be used as a tool to encourage prospective students to enroll in a university. The University of Texas at Arlington has partnered with Academic Partnerships to offer free online college courses to prospective nursing students. To date, more than 80% of those who accepted the free offer returned and paid for the course on campus. At the very least, MOOCs offer students the option to “try before you buy,” a valuable resource when courses are so expensive. Free online college courses could pose a threat to traditional education, but if these institutions find a way to use MOOCs to their advantage, like the University of Texas, giving something for free could be very lucrative.

Legal Law

What will winter be like for small businesses?

Easy answer, who knows? Not such an easy answer, who knows? The election (fortunately almost over) will set a course depending on which party wins. The pandemic will mark the other course. Regarding the choice, perhaps the biggest immediate unknown is whether there will be some kind of immediate stimulus package that could include some kind of immediate cash payment like the last package and / or renewed unemployment assistance. The economy grew at a record pace in the third quarter, but is already losing steam. A renewed stimulus package would help mitigate the effects of the new Covid restrictions that are now being implemented in some parts of the country. But there is a long time between the election results and the day of the inauguration. This “Who knows?” – what could happen between the elections and the inauguration, would be treated in capital letters.

Regarding the course of the pandemic, the situation in the economy tends to be less optimistic even as the GDP for the third quarter made a spectacular jump of 7.4%. But on the other side of that picture, layoffs in some industries are starting to rise. Several states are already beginning to re-enforce restrictions, and if infections and hospitalizations continue to spread (in thirteen Midwestern states the average daily case has risen 45% in the past two weeks) more restrictions could be implemented. What effect could that have on Christmas shopping? The most likely effect is that online purchases will increase even more. That could mean fewer people going to stores and forcing layoffs again in the retail sector.

For a small business owner, if consumers start to clamp down on spending because the virus is charging a higher price or more closures are implemented, they need to be even more careful with their cash. Until workers and consumers feel safe and healthy, spending is likely to remain restricted. Do you have costs that can be reduced? Are there possible new sources of income? Could you narrow down the variety of items you sell? Will you have enough cash to make it into spring when there will be more daylight and hopefully a vaccine will begin to be given in large quantities? If the real improvements start to take hold in the spring, one scenario I might see (with tongue firmly planted on my cheek) is that consumers will be desperate to spend all that money they have been saving and will come pouring out of their homes waving their cards. credit cards and throwing cash in the air to celebrate as they race to the stores. Make sure you are still there to open the doors and get out of the way. Cash is king.

Legal Law

Baguio City – Why is it the education capital of the North?

It is well known around the world that Baguio City in the Philippines has a host of tourist attractions for its visitors and a unique culture to boot. It is a great place to live that even most of the people who reside in the city are no longer local.

Some people migrate to Baguio due to its cool climate and beautiful surroundings. Students from all over the country travel to Baguio to study. The city offers many opportunities for students, not only because of the climate but because of the many universities that are located in it. This may be the reason why Baguio is also known as the Educational Capital of the North in the Philippines.

There are many universities in the city that offer different degrees. One of the best known universities is Saint Louis University. This university was established in 1911 and since then it has always been known for offering quality education and high standards. Students from all over northern Luzon often attend this university due to the good reputation it has established. Its nursing faculty has been awarded the title of center of excellence for several years.

The University of the Philippines Baguio is also known for its high standards. This university has definitely raised the UP name and has excelled in Cordillera studies ever since. Students from all over the Philippines can be found at UP Baguio. The University of the Cordilleras, formerly known as the Baguio College Foundation, is also one of the best universities found in Baguio. It offers various courses of the different disciplines. UC has maintained its pride over the years by having twice leaders in the Bar. This university is also the center of excellence in criminology and information technology. The University of Baguio is one of the universities with the largest population and is the only university in Baguio that offers dentistry and the other related medical courses.

There are more universities in Baguio to choose from, such as Easter College, Pines City Colleges, Philippine Women’s University, and National University. All of these provide students with the quality education they need. There is no doubt that Baguio offers students a wide range of learning and knowledge through these prestigious universities. This may be the reason why a third of the city’s population are students. In fact, the Baguio environment has been adapted to the educational and physiological needs of the students. Baguio truly caters to people from all walks of life.

Legal Law

Summary of the Apostle Peter’s Ministry to the Jews

How could a man who initially lived in Bethsaida on the Sea of ​​Galilee, born and raised in a traditional Jewish home and engaged in his father’s business as a fisherman, become known as the Apostle Peter? He would be known as the “Apostle of Circumcision.”

Peter first appears in the Gospel story in John 1: 35-42, when Andrew discovered that Jesus was the Messiah. He went and found his brother, Peter, and brought him to Jesus. When Jesus saw Peter, he said, “You are Simon, son of Jonah. They will call you Cephas.” Cephas is an Aramaic surname whose Greek synonym is Petros or Peter and is translated as “rock” or “stone”. As we see in the scriptures in Matthew 16:18 – “And I also tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against it.” This scripture is misunderstood by many denominations. It is not Peter on whom the church is based, but Christ. We know that if the church, or anything else, built on man, it will not stand the test of time. It must be built on Christ as the foundation. Christ did not intend to teach that His church would be built on Peter, but on Himself as Peter confessed. Peter is careful to state this in the first of his two epistles (1 Pet 2: 4-9).

Peter’s life can be divided into two parts: first, from his call to discipleship to the ascension of Jesus Christ and from the ascension to the end of his life. Although there are several events in the early part of Peter’s life prior to Christ’s ascension, only one seems to have a direct impact on the balance of Peter’s life. That is his call to the apostolic office and his spiritual team as seen in Matthew 10: 2-4 -Now the names of the twelve apostles are these: first, Simon, whose name is Peter, and Andrew his brother; Jacobo, son of Zebedeo, and Juan, his brother; 3 Felipe and Bartolomé; Thomas and Matthew, the tax collector; Jacobo, son of Alfeo, and Lebeo, whose nickname was Thaddeus; 4 Simon the Canaanite and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

Peter occupied a prominent place among the twelve disciples. We see in the four lists of the apostles found in the New Testament, Peter’s name is the first: Matthew 10: 2-4; March 3: 16-19; Luke 6: 14-16: and Acts 1:13. In addition, Jesus chose Peter, James, and John as three main apostles to be present during certain important moments in His ministry such as the Transfiguration and in the Garden of Gethsemane.

As stated in Matthew 4:19 – Then he said to them, “Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.” It was then that Peter received his call to discipleship from Jesus.

When the Apostle Peter was filled with the Holy Spirit at Pentecost, his ministry began. He went out and preached the first gospel that day as we see in Acts 2 and 3000 he became a Christian. This is where Peter receives the title of “Apostle of the circumcision”. He was speaking to a crowd of Jews. He began his sermon by quoting the prophet Joel. He was preaching to them what they already knew and then went on to explain that they had killed the Christ. God Himself. Then Peter said to them: “Repent, and let each one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit” – Acts 2:38.

Peter and John, on the way to the temple, met a man lame from birth who was placed daily at the door of the temple named Hermoso. Peter (with the help of the Holy Spirit) healed the lame man. Then Peter addressed the people in the temple. Peter was arrested and beaten several times, but he continued to preach, heal, and perform signs and wonders: he healed Aeneas at Lida, raised Dorcas from the dead at Joppa.

Peter has a vision on the roof that leads him to preach the gospel to the Gentile centurion, Cornelius, at his home (Cornelius) in Caesarea. This opened the door of the gospel to the Gentile world. This is where he found himself contrary to everything he was taught. This is where he discovered that Jesus Christ came not only for the Jews but also for the Gentiles. Peter, with the help of the Holy Spirit, had to learn to circumcise the foreskin of his heart. In the house of Cornelius he saw that the Gentiles could also be saved. Peter witnessed scenes very similar to those of Pentecost in Jerusalem (Acts 10: 44-47). He was given the solemn sentence on the guilty couple, Ananias and Sapphira. In these and similar situations, Peter exhibited the authority with which Christ had invested him (Matthew 16:19) – an authority conferred on all disciples (John 20: 22-23) – the power to bind and loose.

As his ministry was primarily for the Jews, Peter advocated the inclusion of the Gentiles in the Christian movement at the Apostolic Council of Jerusalem.

The ministries of Peter, “Apostle of the circumcision” and Paul, “Apostle of the uncircumcised” are in no way in conflict with each other, as demonstrated at the transition point in Acts 10. Up to this point, the gospel had been offered only to Jews. Now they have rejected it in the national sense, and it reaches “the normal order for the present Christian era” (Acts 13: 44-48). We find Peter and Paul side by side, affirming the great doctrine of justification by faith alone, as stated in Acts 15:11 (KJV), “We believe that by the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, we (the Jews) we will be saved, like them (the Gentiles) “.

From the Second Epistle of Peter (2 Pet 1: 1) it is clear that his conception of justification from God and the human side is identical to Paul’s, since he speaks of justifying faith as something that ends in righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ. This is not the righteousness that God is, but the righteousness that God gives as we see in Romans 1: 16,17; Romans 3: 21-25; and 2 Corinthians 5:20, 21.

Probably late in his life, Peter wrote his two epistles, as appears especially in the Second Epistle (2 Peter 1: 12-15). Both were aimed primarily at Jewish Christians scattered throughout the different provinces of Asia Minor, among whom Paul and his followers had planted the gospel (1Pe 1: 1-2 and 2Pe 3: 1). The First Epistle was written in Babylon (1 Peter 5:13) on the Euphrates, although destroyed as a great capital, it was still inhabited by a small group of people, mostly Jews.

Peter went to Rome and it is believed that Mark (writer of the Gospel of Mark) was Peter’s translator while he was preaching. It is also believed that, as Peter recounted and recounted his experiences with Jesus, he gave Mark an almost literal account. After Peter’s death, Mark recorded what he remembered in what we know as the Gospel of Mark.

Tradition says that Peter died a martyr in Rome around 67 AD He was about 75 years old. He was crucified under Nero. It is thought, at his own request, that he is crucified face down, feeling unworthy to resemble the crucifixion of Christ in his death.

Thus a man of Bethsaida went from fisherman to fisherman of men. As stated in Matthew 4:19 – Then he said to them, “Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.”

Legal Law

Voting rights and deprivation of rights

The Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution gave black men the right to vote five years after the end of the Civil War. Black women won that right, along with other adult women, when the Nineteenth Amendment was ratified fifty years later. However, having the right to the role and being able to exercise it were two different things for many years. In the late 1800s and throughout much of the early 20th century, African Americans were systematically disenfranchised in many parts of the country through blatant intimidation, electoral taxes, literacy tests, or threats to vote. lynching.

With the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, many of those illegal barriers to voting for black citizens were destroyed and the tide of disenfranchisement of African Americans was reversed. This led to tremendous political advances by African Americans in the United States, culminating in the election of Barack Obama in 2008. Since that historic election, several states have passed laws in their states that make it more difficult for people without a specific type of government. Photo ID card issued to vote. Those affected by this new wave of disenfranchisement will likely primarily affect inner-city African Americans, young Hispanic voters, seniors, and students who may have school or college identification cards, but not the cards. state mandatory.

Since 2008, some states have adopted these new rules regarding state-issued identification cards on the basis that they will prevent voter fraud. However, there is little to no evidence in the United States of widespread voter fraud in our national elections. Instead, it appears that the reasons for these new voter identification laws are to suppress the vote of otherwise eligible voters by making it inconvenient to obtain such a card and by threatening others that they should not vote because they may be charged. Of “electoral fraud”. and be sent to jail. Again, it appears that such ID card laws are aimed at suppressing the votes of poor neighborhood African Americans, young Hispanic voters, senior citizens, and students who may have only school or college ID cards. University. Before we as a society accept this need to suppress voting, it would be wise to learn a little more about the history of disenfranchisement.

The right to vote in federal elections is determined by the voting laws in effect in the state of residence. At least forty-six states prohibit inmates serving a felony sentence from voting. Thirty-two other states deny the vote to people on parole or parole for a felony. In several states and the District of Columbia, convicted criminals cannot vote for up to ten years after being convicted. This means that more than half a million African American men will never be able to vote in their lifetime.

Disenfranchisement in the US is the inheritance of ancient Greek and Roman traditions brought to Europe. In medieval times in Europe, infamous offenders suffered civil death leading to the deprivation of all rights, confiscation of property, and even death. In England, civil disabilities intended to base criminals and isolate them from the community were achieved through delinquent acts, that is, a person convicted of a felony was subject to the confiscation of his property from the king and was considered civilly dead.

English settlers brought these concepts to the New World. With independence from England, the newly formed states rejected some of the civil disabilities inherited from Europe. However, the deprivation of rights by criminals was one of those that was retained. In the mid-nineteenth century, nineteen of the thirty-four existing states excluded serious offenders from voting.

The exclusion of convicted criminals from voting took on a new meaning after the Civil War and the passage of the Fifteenth Amendment which gave blacks the right to vote. Although previously there were laws excluding criminals from voting in the South, between 1890 and 1910 many southern states adapted their disenfranchisement laws to increase the effect of these laws on black citizens. Crimes that resulted in disenfranchisement were written to include crimes that blacks allegedly committed more frequently than whites and to exclude crimes that whites were believed to commit more frequently. As an example, in South Carolina, among the disqualifying crimes were several that legislators felt that “the Negro” was especially prone to: robbery, adultery, arson, beating of wife, breaking and entering and attempted murder. violation. On the contrary, crimes such as murder and fighting, to which the white man, as predisposed as the black, is presumed, were significantly omitted from the list.

This is a sad and hateful story about disenfranchisement. As a result of the disenfranchisement of criminals, Sentencing Project, a nonprofit organization based in Washington, DC, has published a study estimating that the impact of disenfranchisement for serious crimes means that approximately thirteen percent of adult black men are unable to vote as a result of a current or prior felony conviction. This has been a shameful way for Americans to suppress the voting rights of African Americans in the United States.

It is time to think that Americans do not compound this injustice by passing voter identification laws that will further suppress the votes of African Americans in poor neighborhoods, young Hispanic voters, senior citizens and students who may have only cards. Identification of the school or university in the false place and supposed pretext that this will prevent voter fraud.

Legal Law

How Legendary Traders Made Millions

One way to quickly achieve success in life is to have a mentor or learn from people with experience in your area of ​​interest. The same applies to investing in stocks. So it’s a good idea that John Boik wrote this text titled “How Legendary Traders Made Millions”, which has as a subtitle, “Leveraging the Investment Strategies of the Best Stock Traders of All Time”, to help to (potential) investors. .

Boik, a controller and former stockbroker, has been the featured guest on business investment radio shows that have aired across Canada and the United States.

This author says that legendary trader William O’Neil once described the stock market as “a maddeningly contrary beast.” Boik adds that for O’Neil, the best traders are those who move with the market and not against it. The author emphasizes that it is necessary to learn from the big boys how to make big profits in bullish, bearish, and non-trending markets alike. He claims that in this text, he offers you guidance on how O’Neil and other legendary merchants rode “the beast” to fortune through booms and busts alike – and how you can too.

Boik describes eight of the best traders of all time, focusing on the historical trades and the strategies behind the legends. With the help of exclusive charts and data from “Investor’s Business Daily,” it explores, decade by decade, how the market performed over the past century and how each trader took advantage of different market situations. This author brings you the details on dozens of major operators, described in the context of the economic, political and market environments in which each operator’s strategy flourished.

He emphasizes the need for you to learn from legends, how to use historical patterns to read current market cycles and predict the performance of individual stocks based on emerging trends. This expert also analyzes the key points of the spot in the highs and lows of the market; how to discover the best time to buy individual stocks based on emerging trends, as well as knowing when to sell stocks to secure profits.

Boik reveals to the most successful stock market traders of the last 100 years, mistakes made by investors and patterns in the stock market that just repeat themselves. He says that Jesse Livermore in 1923 and then William O’Neil in 2003 remind us that the same mistakes made cycle after cycle cause losses generation after generation of stock market participants. This author clarifies that each, through extensive experience, reminds us, as Livermore did in 1940 and O’Neil in 1988, that the most successful stocks follow certain patterns and that stock market cycles also repeat themselves over time. throughout history.

Regarding the structure, this text is divided into 12 chapters. Chapter one is christened “Industrial stocks produce a millionaire (1897-1909”). Boik explains that Baruch was one of the most successful stock traders in history and the transaction reiterated that his favorite time to buy stocks was when the general market began a strong rise. trend after exiting a low market period.

The author adds that Baruch’s observation skills and experience of observing and participating in markets since 1891 gave him the confidence to seize solid opportunities when the market presented them. “He made most of the mistakes that many market participants make in the market over the past six years when he was just starting out and learning exactly how the market operated. But he learned from his mistakes, decided he would never give up, and stayed quick to study. “reveals Boik.

Chapter Two is labeled “Some Land Mines Bypassed for Profit (1910-19)”. Here, the author says that the year 1912 witnessed the end of the long recession in February that had started two years earlier. Boik adds that it should be noted that these flat years were very frustrating for many active traders at the time. Explain that the first reason was because of Jesse Livermore. Boik explains that when the two-year recession ended in January 1915, the war in Europe had started and some uncertainties were removed, causing the market to start to recover. The author reports that after a slow start in January and February, the market jumped forward in March.

He reveals that when the United States began to become the supplier of weapons and food for the war, many leading stocks seemed poised for solid gains. Boik says that some of the leading stocks that stepped forward were American Smelting, Bethlehem Steel, General Electric, etc. He adds that Livermore bought Bethlehem Steel as it rose sharply to $ 98 a share. According to him, the next day it hit $ 145 and Livermore sold out for a quick profit of $ 50,000.

In Boik’s words, “It turned out that you actually broke one of the vital rules of the trade – don’t be too quick to sell a winning leader … Livermore would actually end the year with $ 150,000 in his account, as he clearly stayed in tune with a rising market and made business and investment decisions in the context of a healthy and profitable market environment. “

Chapter Three is titled “Shrewd Traders Made and Kept Millions (1920-29).” In this chapter, the author says that markets started the 1920s where they left off in 1919 by sliding downward. Boik adds that Richard Wyckoff, during his ongoing study of the markets, commented in 1920 that the market was changing. Boik explains that Wyckoff noticed after the war ended, that there were many more industries vying for market leadership.

The author reveals that through his observation, he (Wyckoff) concluded that he needed more than just pure market action to discover the true outstanding leaders for the future. And with this new expanded study in mind, Wyckoff set out and formed Richard D. Wyckoff Analytical Staff, Inc., of which he (Wyckoff) was the sole owner, says Boik.

According to the author, “Wyckoff was more of a short-term participant, always making sure to keep his earnings when he had them rather than giving them back … He limited his trades to active lead stocks, and conducted his own research. He normally traded. what he called the ‘four horsemen’ of speculative stocks, which were American Can, Studebaker, US Steel and Baldwin Locomotive … “

In chapters four through 11, Boik analytically analyzes the concepts of patience and flexibility (1930-39), illustrated with Gerald Loeb; victory creates more opportunities for a legendary merchant (1940-49), illustrated with Gerald Loeb; Innovative Actions That Produce Great Profits (1950-59), illustrated with Nicholas Darvas; a ‘go-go’ bullfight with profits that studied history (1960-69), as exemplified by Jack Dreyfus and most were flogged except the best (1970-79), illustrated with William O’Neil. Other concepts are: a great merchant who leaves the bull behind and avoids collapse (1980-89), also illustrated with William O’Neil; New Technologies Producing Unprecedented Opportunities (1990-99), also illustrated with William O’Neil; and avoiding the tracks of the bears maintains previous gains in expert accounts (2000-2004), exemplified by Jim Roppel.

Chapter 12 examines the concept of learning from the lessons of history and great traders. The author claims that one of the most successful stock traders in history is worth listening to. Boik adds that he has probably studied more than anyone else, and in meticulous detail, the history and action of the stock market and the leading stocks that made the best profits throughout history.

Stylistically, this text is high up the ladder. For example, this author is able to achieve analytical precision due to his effective deployment of the communication vehicle, that is, language. The depth of Boik’s research is especially underscored by the finer details and reflective illustrations given to each chapter. It generously uses graphic embroidery to visually reinforce its conceptual details.

However, some chapters need to be harmonized to be compact, especially those whose very legends are used to exemplify. Punctuation errors technically called “handwriting errors” are also noted in Stylistics, for example, “Through his observation, he concluded that he needed more than pure market action to discover the true outstanding leaders for the future … With this new expanded study in mind he stated … “(pages 34-35), rather than” Through his observation, he concluded that he needed more than pure market action to uncover the true outstanding leaders to the future … With this new expanded study in mind, he put … “

Finally, this text is a classic. It is a must read and the advice should be applied for seasoned investors, inexperienced and with intention. It is a textual instrument of investment strategy in stocks.