The Noble M15 sports car

The Noble M15 – A Closer Look At This Sports Car Including Performance, Technical Data, Features, Rivals Comparison, History, Used Pricing

from classic to modern


The Noble M15 sports car, introduced in 2006 and priced at £ 74,950, was aimed at the market segment dominated by models such as the Porsche Turbo, Audi R8 and Ferrari F430.

In this regard, new features that were added to the car included traction control, ABS, satellite navigation, air conditioning, and power windows.

Although performance was still in the foreground, it was interesting to note that this fixed-head two-seater coupe needed to be positioned as a grand tourer, rather than a track day racer, as was the case with some earlier M Series models. .

It featured a fiberglass composite body on a steel space frame chassis, incorporating an integral roll cage for added safety, which was significantly stiffer than that used in the M12, resulting in much better handling characteristics.

The new chassis had been reinforced with additional aluminum panels and designed primarily to incorporate the new engine format. Consequently, it had a curb weight of only 1,250 kg.

It was equipped with ventilated and perforated AP Racing 330mm discs throughout.

The wide curves of the front wings and the distinctive arc-shaped headlight assembly stand out, along with huge air intakes and a fastback rear.

In addition, the huge rear diffuser increased the downward force to ensure that the car was firmly planted on the ground at high speed.

Unlike previous Noble sports cars, the engine was placed longitudinally, which significantly increased the cooling and turbo performance.

By moving the engine and gearbox slightly forward, the weight distribution between front and rear was now 40/60%.

It used 18-inch wheels at the front and 19-inches at the rear, and the rear track was increased by 2.5 cm to improve cornering at high speed.

With compartments at the front and back, there was enough space for luggage.

Both the interior and the carbon fiber frame seats were upholstered in leather.

The rear wing seen on previous models was removed to represent a more civilized aura on a car designed for everyday use, rather than the track.


The Noble M15 was powered by a 3-liter, DOHC mid-V6 Ford Duratec engine with four valves per cylinder and equipped with two Garrett T25 turbochargers plus an intercooler.

With a compression ratio of 8.5: 1, it developed 455 bhp at 6800 rpm (with redline at 7200) and 455 ft / lbs of torque at 4800 rpm.

As such, it was ranked as the most powerful sports car produced to date by Noble.

Equipped with a six-speed Graziano manual gearbox, it produced a top speed of 185 mph and a 0-60 mph time of 3.4 seconds.

Production ended in 2011 when the M15 was replaced by the Noble M600. Technical data:


Typical competition for the Noble M15 included the following cars: Porsche 996 Turbo S, Ferrari F430, and Audi R8. Noble performance:

This concludes my review of the Noble M15 sports car.


Evaluating the MG 29, a versatile fighter

Aviation has been in my blood and having spent two decades in the Air Force, I would say that my first love is fighter jets. In the 70s and 80s, the Americans had launched the F15 / 16 and the Russians were looking for a comparative aircraft. The Russians produced the MIG 29. The cold war was a reality and produced two fighters who never actually participated in a direct confrontation.

What was the best plane? It is a question that is not easy to answer. Is it the more sophisticated F 16 or the old badass Soviet MIG-29? The comparison is of great interest and we find 2 different aircraft. The F16 was always designed as a lightweight and cost-effective multi-purpose jet for the more expensive F-15. In contrast, we have the MIG 29, which was a typical air superiority fighter that didn’t care much about avionics.

In the West, the 29th appeared with an outstanding performance and with much mystery. No one at the time knew about the aircraft’s capabilities and many wondered if the 29 was really that good.

The Cold War was in full swing, and while American and Russian planes never engaged in combat with each other, they took advantage of the minds of both nations. It was a matter of ego and both nations had the concept that my aircraft or my weapons systems should be bigger and better and this led to a tremendous arms race. In the 50s and 60s the race between the two nations began and the Russians had the MIG-15 to the American F 86. Both planes entered combat in the Korean War and at that time the Americans had a slight advantage.

The Russians brought improvements and soon they had the MIG21 and 23. The Americans brought the Phantom F4 and very soon the F15 appeared on the scene and this time the Russians did not have a comparison plane because the 23 was less than the 15 and the 16.

Lots of research and the MIG 29 came on the scene. Americans didn’t know much about this plane at the time it appeared on the scene in 1980, three years after Americans 15 and 16 were operational.

As was the practice, NATO gave it the name Fulcrum and the Russians called it MIG 29. The MiG 29 came in two versions A and B. Version A could carry the nuclear bomb and was kept by the Soviet Air Force. The second version was exported to 29 countries from Poland to Burma. More than 629 of these aircraft were built and, to date, about 793 aircraft are still in service. India was one of the first nations to purchase the MiG 29 and it is still in service. The Kargil conflict in 1998 was used to lethal effect.

Even now, with the growing tension with China, the Indian Air Force has reordered a substantial number of 29 aircraft from Russia and they are on their way.

But in numbers, 29 is far behind 15/16. To date, more than 3,000 F 15/16s are in operation around the world, showing that the US aircraft has a larger market.

The MIG 29 is a simple air superiority fighter but at $ 23.7 million it is $ 12 million cheaper than the American aircraft. A comparison between the two planes is very interesting. The 29 has a range of about 1,100 miles compared to the 15/16, which is over 4,000, but the 29 was never designed for long-range action. It’s a force when it comes to climb speed though, because it has two engines compared to the single engine on the 15/16. The Russian aircraft has a speed of 2.25 Mach versus the American 2.05 aircraft, so there is not much difference there.

The MIG has a 18,000m higher ceiling than 15,000 US aircraft but in terms of sophistication with ECM and ECCM, the US aircraft is superior. The maneuverability of the MIG 29 is absolutely fantastic and you can perform amazing aerobatics and there is something called a Cobra maneuver that the MIG can perform with ease. This is one of the most dazzling maneuvers of the 29 and I can guarantee it.

It is a maneuver in which an aircraft flying at moderate speed suddenly raises the nose momentarily to the vertical position and slightly beyond, momentarily stopping the aircraft and turning it into a full-body air brake, before dropping it back to normal, during which the aircraft does not change the effective altitude.

Last word

People will generally have the feeling that the MIG 29 scores over the F-16, but there is a catch and that concerns serviceability. It needs an overhaul every 2,500 hours compared to 6,000 for the American plane and, as I have already noted in terms of radar and ECM, the F-15/16 is way ahead of the Russian plane.

The MIG 29 comes with a single GSH 3130 MM cannon and four pylons to carry rockets and missiles. The Russian MiG 29A that was not exported can carry a single nuclear bomb.

The Americans were eager to get their hands on a MIG 29 and they got it in a very strange way. They bought 21 MIG 29 in flight condition from Moldovia. Russia was unable to stop the sale and all 29 made their way to America and were used by the US Air Force, they dismantled the planes and got all the technical data. The Americans staged a coup by getting these planes. These are now scattered in American museums throughout the United States.

MIG 29 has had a lot of combat experience outside of Russia. India bought 66 planes and they were used in the Kargil war and Yugoslavia used them in the Kosovo war. They were used in the Iraq-Iran war and then eventually went into combat against the same aircraft that was supposed to coincide in the Iraq war with the F-16. The Americans claimed to have shot down 6 MIG 29s, but the Russians also claimed several kills that were denied, but that’s part of the game. Never accept your losses and exaggerate the loss of the enemy. The Indians did not lose a single plane in the Kargil conflict.

On a personal level, I have a lot of love for the MiG 29. It is a wonderful aircraft and you can do wonderful aerobatics with it. It is a simple air superiority fighter. I only wrote this article for the fun of it because in the recent conflict with China, the Indian government has asked for more MIG 29s and they are on the way.


Kia Optima Hybrid withstands a true northern winter

Many people love the idea of ​​a hybrid, but are concerned about the hybrid’s performance in the dead of winter. To answer this question, I took a Kia Hybrid to an extended 2-day demo. A lot of people write about how the Kia Hybrid performs in winter in places like Vancouver or Chicago, but Winnipeggers will only rely on a true Winnipeg test, so now we’re giving you the real Winnipeg test in January. By the way, Winnipeg’s average January temperature is between -23 and -13 degrees C.

The Kia Optima Hybrid I drove was a 2012 hybrid that had an MSRP of $ 30,895 plus freight, fees, and taxes. Currently at the time of writing, Kia is showing a $ 3,400 rebate on this vehicle, bringing it level with its non-hybrid counterpart.

When they gave me the keys to this vehicle, it was 6pm at night, so it was already dark. The car was parked in the back lot where it had been unused for the past 30 days or so. It was a cold January afternoon (-18 degrees C) and the car was sitting under 6 inches of snow and parked behind an 8-inch tall plow row. After cleaning the windshield and driver’s door, I got in and hit the quick start button. It was launched immediately and the seat quickly adjusted to the predetermined position. I let it warm up for a minute while I shook the rest of the snow off the top of the vehicle. When I got back into the vehicle, I turned off the traction control and got out of the snow where I was parked. I drove the car up to the building and put a license plate on it. When I got back to the car it was already warmed up. This was much faster than I expected and I was impressed.

The first thing customers want to know when it comes to a hybrid is fuel economy. Will it save enough fuel to pay for itself? The second is how long will the battery last and how much will it cost to replace it?

Let me address the second point first. In Canada, Kia has put a 96-month, 160,000-km limited warranty on the entire hybrid system. So if your battery fails within the first 8 years or 160,000 km, you are covered. This will mean that for most consumers, battery life and replacement value are not an issue.

Kia Optima Hybrid is in the Guinness Book of World Records for “Lowest Fuel Economy, 48 US States: Gasoline Hybrid Car” verified by a Guinness World Records adjudicator. On this screen they achieved an average of 3.3 l / 100 km. The only thing we found in Winnipeg in January driving through the heart of the city is that you can throw energuide ratings out the window. Regardless of the vehicle you drive, the ratings will actually be about 75% of your actual gas mileage. Others may argue this, but with my driving style and use of the vehicle, I generally find these numbers to be accurate no matter what vehicle I drive. This was true with the Optima Hybrid. Energuide ratings for this vehicle are 5.8 l / 100 km for city driving. Energuide’s ratings for the non-hybrid Optima are 8.6 l / 100 km. The true mileage I found for these two vehicles in this condition was 8.1 for the hybrid and 11.7 for the GDI Optima. The Optima Hybrid still saves a considerable amount of fuel in Winnipeg in winter compared to its non-hybrid sibling. However, a disclaimer is that the vehicle did not function as an electric vehicle until about 17 km into the trip, so it was sitting between 11 and 12 l / 100 km until the last km where it started to function fully with the EV and average gas mileage plummeted.

So for those wondering if the hybrid will pay for itself, in this app the answer is resoundingly yes. Current discounts on the hybrid make this vehicle the same price as the Optima EX. Therefore, the purchase costs are approximately the same regardless of whether you choose Gasoline Direct Injection or Hybrid (GDI). If the vehicle travels 100,000 km with this difference in fuel consumption, the savings will amount to $ 3,780. This number is based on fuel at $ 1.05 / liter. The savings will be greater at a higher gas price. Remember this is based solely on winter driving. This will increase for anyone traveling more than 20km per trip. As said, the EV engine started running after 17 km, so the gas mileage started to improve considerably. At the other end of the spectrum, if you’re using your car just to go to the store and buy a loaf of bread, you may not notice any winter savings. I will notice that while I was driving the hybrid in the summer, it was running full EV when I turned the block.

So for all those asking me if a hybrid can weather our Winnipeg winters, I’ll say “definitely.” The cold weather started after a long sit-in, it handled well on snow-covered roads, saved fuel in the long run, and is priced competitively with the non-hybrid version.


30 reasons to travel to the Bahamas

One of the main reasons so many visitors travel to the Bahamas is, of course, its wonderful warm weather, beautiful turquoise waters, and friendly faces. But with these 700 islands and cays off the Florida coast, you can give yourself 30 more reasons (and counting) what you’re missing out on if you choose to sit on the beach or stay at a resort for your entire vacation.

1. Clifton Heritage Site – If you travel to the Bahamas and visit this place, you will find that it is full of wonderful trials in the wild where you can bird watch and learn about our environment. This place is also steeped in history dating back to the age of slaves, where many ruins of old slave houses still stand today.

2. Garden Groves – The Garden Groves of Grand Bahama is another wildlife oasis where you can kayak, walk with birds, and learn more about the natural vegetation of Grand Bahama Island.

3. Bimini- Sapona “Ruins of the 1920s” – If you ever travel to the Bahamas off the coast of South Bimini and Cat Cay there is an old barge that was commissioned by Henry Ford in the late 1920s during the era of prohibition. Back then it was known as a private “speakeasy” / club on the sea that was accessible by boat but shallow enough for divers to reach as well. It came close to the Bahamas during a hurricane in 1929.

4. Bimini Road – The Bimini Road legend has been around for decades. Legend tells of the path that leads to the acclaimed lost city of Atlantis. Underwater archaeologists from around the world travel to the Bahamas to study the underwater wonder.

5. Myths of Bimini: One of our smaller islands off the coast of Florida has a lot of history and even bigger legendary myths. The Spanish explorer Ponce de León is known to have explored this island in search of the remarkably acclaimed fountain of youth. The island’s tour guides will be happy to guide you to the point where it bloomed this spring.

6. Hemingway’s Fishing Lodge – You can’t travel to the Bahamas without hearing about Ernest Hemingway’s favorite fishing spot and his accommodations on Bimini Island. A well-known and acclaimed sport fisherman, the author was known to spend a lot of time here fishing, writing, and meeting the locals here in Bimini.

7. Joulter Keys – The Joulter Keys on Andros Island is a unique place for those interested in “bone fishing”, bird watching, snorkeling, swimming, you name it. Such a rare and unique place in all the Bahamas, due to its particular dust like sand and various species of endangered animals that live there. The Bahamas National Trust is applying for it to become another protected wildlife area in the Bahamas.

8. Androsia Batik: known as the national fabric of the Bahamas. The Androsia factor houses the original Androsia design. They come in many colors and patterns and if you get the chance to visit them one day they will show you exactly how it’s done.

9. Red Bay Village – One of the best kept secrets in the Bahamas … I didn’t even know about it despite my trip to the Bahamas. Red Bay Village is a remote village in northern Andros that was inhabited by an African tribe that lived like the Seminole Indians more than 50 years ago. The descendants of this tribe still exist and maintain their traditions to this day.

10. Mount Alvernia: Mount Alvernia is the highest point above sea level in the Bahamas. Located on Cat Island, its highest peak will give you great panoramic views of the island.

11. Hermitage – Located on Mount Alvernia Cat Island, the Hermitage was the first Catholic church and monastery in the Bahamas dating back to the time of Columbus. This is one of the oldest relics ever found in the Bahamas.

12. Deveaux Mansion – The Deveaux Mansion ruins are just another property of a slave plantation. Deveaux was a naval officer who helped capture Nassau from the Spanish in 1783.

13. First land monuments – The island of San Salvador is known as the place of discovery and the initial birth of the Bahamas as we know it today. Early landfall monuments include the stone cross that is supposed to replicate the first (wooden) cross that Christopher Columbus placed on the beach the day he landed on the island and claimed it for Spain.

14. Dixon Hill Lighthouse – The Dixon Lighthouse is one of the last manually operated lighthouses in the Bahamas. Built by John Dixon on his plantation estate, the lighthouse uses more than 400,000 kerosene oil-lit candles to protect ships at night.

15. HMS Conqueror – The HMS was an English ship that was built in 1855 in Devon, England and served in the Crimean War. After the wreck of his ship in 1861, the ship continues 30 feet into a Staghorn ravine near Rum Cay in front of the reef barriers that are breaking. It is considered an underwater museum and is owned by the government of the Bahamas.

16. Fortune Island – Sometimes confusingly called Long Cay, where experts believe this was the island Columbus named after Queen Elizabeth of Spain for funding his exhibit. There is only one settlement called Albert Town that looks like a ghost town and is rumored to be occupied by the lost souls that once lived there. But what gives this island its acclaimed name is Fortune Hill itself, which is visible from 19 km (12 miles) out to sea. Legend has it that hundreds of Bahamians arrived here expecting to be picked up by transoceanic freighters, which would take them to their fortune and new life in Central America.

17. French Wells Bay: If you ever travel to the Bahamas, you will see that one of the jewels of Crooked Island is French Wells Bay. It is a beautiful wetland area that is filled with dense mangroves and is home to many wild birds that come from North America to hibernate in the Bahamas during the winter months.

18. Marine Farms Fortress – Come see the abandoned British fort that defended Crooked Island and the southern Bahamas in the War of 1812.

19. US Military Base – Over the years there have been several US military bases on various islands in the Bahamas. At least two settled on the islands of Eleuthera and another on the island of Andros. However, this base is located in Mayaguana and was built in the 1950s. It is the only base that can be accessed with a tour guide. Many of these bases were used for training sessions for the United States Army.

20. Southwest Point: Southwest Point in Inagua is popular for its clear view of the island of Cuba from the hand-operated lighthouse.

21. Inagua Lands & Sea Park: home to the largest flamingo reserves in the Caribbean, located on Great Inagua Island, just outside Matthew Town.

22. Preachers Cay – Known as a safe haven for the Eleutheran adventures during the 17th century, when they first caused the earth to fall. The Preachers’ Cave was used at the time as a church gathering place for the Adventurers. The cave is located on the north coast of the island of Eleuthera.

23. Glass Window Bridge – Several miles from the Preachers’ Cave in Eleuthera is one of the many wonders of the world known as the Glass Window Bridge. What is special about this place is the union of the serene turquoise waters on one side and the choppy dark blue waters of the Atlantic on the other. Despite the fact that the bridge itself (which transports people from north to south of the island) has been damaged by past meteorological storms and hurricanes over the years, the phenomenon of nature is truly something to marvel at.

24. Deans Blue Hole – There are many blue holes located on various islands in the Bahamas. But Deans Blue Hole, located on Deadman’s Cay, Long Island, is not only one of the deepest, it is one of the prettiest and easiest to access in the Bahamas. Right next to the beach and hidden under a cave like a cliff, you will find it in plain sight.

25. Pink Sands – If you ever plan to travel to the Bahamas, you must visit our Pink Sand beaches on Harbor Island, Long Island, and various parts of Eleuthera Island. Check out the science behind it on our Harbor Island page (check out the benchmarks after this article)

26. Hope Town Lighthouse – The Hope Town Lighthouse in Hope Town Abaco is one of the oldest manual lighthouses in the Bahamas. It stands out from any other lighthouse in the Bahamas for its horizontal red and white stripes.

27. Loyalist Monument – The Loyalist Monument is a small art space of various bust figures of various members of the Loyal community who traveled to the Bahamas to avoid political persecution during the American War of Independence. The memorial is a tribute to those who helped build community not only on Abaco but on other islands in the Bahamas as well.

28. Albury Boat Builders – A generation shipbuilding company that is committed to building the best quality boats and ships in the region. If you stop by, you can learn how everything is done and meet the family.

29. Darby Castle – Darby Castle is an old ruined mansion located on Big Darby Island, which is one of the five islands owned by the late plantation owner Sir Baxter (known as a Nazi sympathizer). In the 1800s, the Darby Islands were one of the largest employers in the southern Bahamas, producing everything from cotton to food production.

30. Pretty Molly Bay & The Hermitage in Exuma – Great Exuma is an island steeped in history and relics of former slave plantations, and stories from where you can learn more about our country and its past. One of these most popular stories can be found around Pretty Molly Bay named after the slave Pretty Molly who lived on Exuma and took her own life walking into the water. Some say they have seen their ghost enter the water at night. You will find similar stories in the Williamstown area, where many slave plantations were established.


Introducing NewPace: A New Approach to Pace Limiting

At first, there was no impediment to the rhythm. The horse races were slow and empty. Then there was the Sartinian rhythm. It produced a high percentage of winners in very good mutuals. People tested the handicap pace and saw that it was good. In the early days, the handicap made life easier.

Stories of the success of rhythm methodologists are everywhere. More people came to pass. The books were written to facilitate your understanding. As more people arrived, prices fell. And smaller. And even smaller. Eventually, it got to the point where the good mutuals were gone, replaced almost entirely by favorites and second choices.

If you were a rhythm practitioner, in the late 80s or early 90s, the game seemed really easy, especially compared to today. By the mid-1990s, the rhythm handicap had become a very common approach to handicapping. The advantage that pace handicappers had enjoyed for several years was gone.

People tried many adjustments to regain that advantage. While the basic concepts of rhythm remained, the application of those concepts changed. Some tried rhythm “numbers” instead of feet-per-second rates. Others tried to add more factors than just EP, SP, and W. Others built bigger models. Nothing seemed to improve the difficult situation of the rhythm handicapper.

Well, it’s time to change all that! I have developed a whole new approach to handicap rhythm! It’s really different and the good news is that the differences will put the advantage back in handicap pace for you.

I call it “NewPace”.

What’s different about it? Just about everything. Let’s start with the basic premise that most pace handicappers appreciate: “What matters most in determining the winner is the position of the horses on the second call.”

My research has shown that not only is the second call position not MOST important, it is actually the LEAST important call! In fact, it’s so unimportant that you can completely ignore it! I know this sounds like a radical idea, but to get an advantage in horse racing, it is important to look at things from a different angle. There is not enough space here to talk about all the differences, but I wanted to acknowledge the fact that things have changed and if you are a horse racing handicap then you need to keep exploring new systems to refine your handicap strategy.


The Five Visual Habits of Safe Driving

Safety is everyone’s concern, especially when traveling from one place to another. With all the nut cases on the road today, one needs to arm oneself with every possible tool to ensure a safe arrival at the desired destination. Having been involved in the trucking industry my entire life and driven close to 4 million miles without accidents, I would like to pass on some of the training I received that enabled me to accomplish this feat.

Early in my career, I was introduced to the Smith Accident-Free Driving System, the core focus of which teaches the Five Safe Driving Habits. The following article provides a brief description of each. If followed rigorously, one can be reasonably sure that they will never have an accident.


1. Aim high in the direction

2. Get the big picture

3. Keep your eyes moving

4. Let yourself out

5. make sure they see you

1. Aim high in the direction

This does not mean keeping your hands on top of the wheel! In short, it explains that one should not look directly in front of their vehicle, but rather look as far away from the road as possible to discover important traffic information to make the right decisions.

Look as far off the road as possible, looking ahead, where your vehicle will be in 12-15 seconds.

Know your field of vision:

Peripheral vision (marginal vision) 98% or 177 degrees of our vision

Central vision (central vision) 2% or 3 degrees of our vision

2. Get the big picture

This doesn’t mean we should buy a big screen TV, it means maintaining the proper following distance (at least one car length for every 10 MPH), so you can comfortably determine the true dangers around your vehicle. Do not follow others.

Be on the lookout for all objects and obstacles (dogs, cats, deer, ladders on the road, etc.) scan other vehicles for things that may fall in your way. The road is going nowhere, once you know the direction you are going and any potential hazards such as potholes, watch for things that could be moving in your line of travel. After determining that something is not moving in your line of travel, ignore it.

In town or city, scan 1-2 city blocks ahead of your vehicle

In the field, scan ½ mile ahead of your vehicle on highways, highways, and country lanes

Scan sidewalk to sidewalk in the city

Row of fence to row of fence in the country

Be aware of all areas and things around your vehicle.

Return only when necessary

When backing up, double check to make sure no one or nothing is behind your vehicle, get out of the car, and physically check if necessary. When walking towards you, be sure to look behind him. Back up only after activating the 4-way flashers and honking your horn to alert anyone who gets in your line of travel.

3. Keep your eyes moving

– Scan, don’t look. Constantly change eyes while driving, active eyes keep up with changing traffic conditions.

– Check all mirrors every 5-8 seconds

– To avoid hypnosis on the road, scan the area in front of you every 2 seconds

– Never stare at an object for more than 2 seconds, not even Brad Pitt or Angeline Jolene!

– Eliminate eye holding patterns.

– Adjust speed to existing conditions, increase or decrease speed as needed

Driving comes first, eating, changing the radio, air conditioning, talking on the cell phone, etc., all are secondary, and should only be done, if at all, when there is no traffic around you.

If you get tired, turn on the radio, turn on the air conditioning, sing to yourself, or better yet, stop and take a break.

4. Give yourself an outlet:

To be prepared. Surround your vehicle with space in front and at least to the side to escape conflict.

Always have an escape route in mind in case something unexpected should arise. Always drive as if you have no brakes, have an escape route if necessary.

Leave a 1-car space between you and the car in front at stop signs and intersections (check your mirrors to make sure the person behind you is stopping, if you don’t exhaust your space, or change gears). lane if possible).

If the person in front of you stops suddenly, stop as soon as possible, but if you have time, check your mirror to make sure the person behind you can stop before hitting you, if not, use your protection space to give him as much room as possible. Every time you hit someone from the rear, it is automatically their fault, the driver needs to be in control of their vehicle at all times.

Use turn signals

Stay at least 2 seconds behind the car in front of you (1 car for every 10 MPH).

3 seconds in bad weather conditions

Slow down in heavy rain, your vehicle will hydroplane if you go too fast. Every vehicle is different, vehicles with wider tires and / or little or no tread will hydroplan faster than vehicles with narrower tires.

Check the movement of other drivers and vehicles, watch the movement of the drivers’ heads, also check the wheels, remember, the wheels of a vehicle will be the first to start moving.

5. make sure they see you:

Communicate in traffic with your horn, lights, and signals to establish eye contact with motorists and pedestrians. Be reasonably certain of other people’s intentions.

– Make eye contact

– Horn horn (twice)

– Turn on / off the headlights

– Tap the brakes several times in a row

– Use turn signals.

As you can see, driving is a full time job. It can also be safe, many, many professional drivers drive for 20 or 30 years and never have an accident, if they can do it, you can do it!

Safety is NOT an accident!


Top 10 Bollywood Movies of 2018 Not to Miss

Padmaavat – Set in medieval India in AD 1303, Padmaavat is the narrative of respect, courage, and fixation. Ruler Padmavati is known for her remarkable excellence coupled with a strong sense of fairness and is the wife of Maharawal Ratan Singh and the pride of the Kingdom of Chittor, a prosperous kingdom in northwestern India. The legend of its magnificence is reached by the authoritarian Sultan of Hindustan: Allaudin Khilji. The sultan, who is a dictator, is focused on needing whatever is of remarkable excellence to him. Attack Chittorgarh Safe Post.

Padman: Lakshmi is a newly married welder who builds up some excitement in his East Indian village when he tries to reform the sterilized napkin assembly for ladies.

Hichki: After a few meetings and several layoffs, a lady with Tourette’s disorder manages a vocation as an instructor in a first-class school. Soon he tries to do everything he can to make his challenging and troublesome substitutes understand his full potential.

Baaghi 2: Baaghi 2 is a promising Indian activity film presented by Sajid Nadiadwala under his Nadiadwala Grandson Entertainment standard and coordinated by Ahmed Khan. The film features Tiger Shroff and Disha Patani in lead roles.

Robot 2.0: Robot 2.0 is an Indian science fiction film composed and coordinated by S. Shankar, co-composed by B. Jeyamohan and created by Subaskaran Allirajah, creator of Lyca Productions. This is the first Indian movie to be shot specifically. in 3D.

Raid: Raid is a promising Indian drama film composed by Ritesh Shah and coordinated by Raj Kumar Gupta. Ajay Devgn, Ileana D’Cruz, Saanand Verma and Saurabh Shukla stand out.

Vodka Diaries: Vodka Diaries is a 2018 Indian Spine Chiller film co-delivered and coordinated by Kushal Srivastava. Set in contemporary Manali, the story revolves around a club called Vodka Diaries, where some homicides take place and their examination.

Total Dhamaal: Total Dhamaal is an upcoming Indian parody film coordinated by Indra Kumar. It is the continuation of the 2011 film Double Dhamaal and the third part of the Dhamaal film arrangement.

Year 2 Student: Year 2 Student is a promising Indian film coordinated by Punit Malhotra. It is a continuation of the 2012 film, Student of the Year.

Hate Story 4: Hate Story 4 is a promising new 2018 Indian Bollywood film, composed by Sammeer Arora and coordinated by Vishal Pandya. It features Urvashi Rautela, Karan Wahi, Vivan Bhatena, and Ihana Dhillon in parts number one.


Social influence the new ‘X factor’ in the world of marketing

For many people trying to grow their customer base, the question of how to address social influences on the consumer can be daunting.

It is true that it is not easy: it requires dedication, serious thought and considerable research. Figuring out what factors and people are at play when it comes to social influences on the consumer will get easier the more you do it, but it’s always a challenging part of marketing.

Conventional marketing focuses primarily on reaching the consumer directly, but more sophisticated marketing methods focus less on the consumer themselves and more on the events or people that influence a buyer.

It’s called influencer marketing, a very important marketing medium that takes into account social influences or “consumer culture.” Knowing who influences a buyer is an important step in knowing what the right message is and how to do it.

For example, a car salesman who wants to sell a minivan to a father of four could take his wife to the side of the room and highlight its safety features and cargo capacity. That same salesperson can tell the friend of the young man kicking the tires of a sports car how impressive he will be with the ladies at the wheel of that car. The assumption here is that the husband in this scenario trusts his wife’s opinion; And the friend, the young man he brought, is with him to contribute his two cents too!

The difference between making a sale and letting the consumer walk out the door often comes down not to convincing the potential buyer, but to convincing the influencer. And sometimes ‘the influencer’ is not a person, but a trend or a matter of perspective.

In this case, determining the social influences that guide a particular consumer should be the top priority for those in the marketing world. So do your research!


Hybrid car history

Some people believe that the hybrid vehicle started in the early 20th century. In fact, hybrid vehicles have been around longer than you think. The beginning of hybrid technology was believed to have been in 1665, when Ferdinand Veriest and the Jesuit priest began working on a plan to create a simple four-wheel vehicle that could be powered by steam or horse-drawn. Then in 1769 when the steam wagon was invented. Although this carriage has the speed of six miles per hour, it is still difficult to maintain enough steam for a long distance trip. It was then improved upon when Gurney-worthy British inventor Golds built a steam car that successfully completed an 85-mile round-trip in ten hours. Then, in 1893, Moritz Von Jacobi sailed in an electric boat on the Neva, using a horsepower electromagnetic motor. And in or around that year was when Robert Anderson of Aberdeen, Scotland, built the first electric vehicle. However, the vehicle brought many problems such as limited autonomy and a difficult battery to recharge. It was later improved upon by David Salomon in 1870 when he developed an electric car with a lightweight electric motor, but still faced problems creating a battery that could be easily recharged.

Then in 1879, Dr. Werner Von Siemens built the first electric railway. The vehicle’s wheels were powered by an electric motor that drew its electricity from rails that were isolated from the ground and connected to a generator. And also in that decade, the year 1886, London business investors became interested in developing an electric taxi. The design was powered by a 28-cell battery system that would power a small electric motor. Even so, it did not come into regular use. Then came the year 1888, a company built a four-passenger carriage for the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire that runs on a horsepower motor and a 24-cell battery. And that same year, Manus Vol in Brighton, England, made a three-wheeled electric car.

Then, in 1897, the London Electric Cab Company began providing the city with regular service, using a cab powered by a 40-cell battery and a three-horsepower electric motor. It was named “Betsey Cab” after its inventor, Walter Betsey. The cabin can travel up to fifty miles before the battery needs to be recharged. The year 1897 rolled around, where the Pope Manufacturing Company of Hartford, Connecticut, built electric cars over a two-year period.

Then after that year came 1898, the year in which the world’s first hybrid car, the “mixed” gasoline-electric Loonier Porsche, was built by Dr. Ferdinand Porsche of Germany. Porsche gave the nickname “Aunt Eulalie” to the first series of hybrids, but officially it was called Simper Viv-us, which means “always alive. The first hybrid car can travel a distance of forty miles on just one battery. This The The car used a gasoline engine rotating at constant speed to drive a dynamo, which charged a bank of accumulators. The accumulators then fed current to the electric motors contained in the front wheel hubs. Therefore, there was no need for driveshafts, transmission, gears, belts, chains or clutch.And due to the rapid success of the hybrid car, companies like Kroger, Lonee Porsche and Auto Mixtec produced thousands of hybrid cars in the year between 1902 and 1920.

The 1900s saw the creation of hybrid gas and electric cars in Belgium. It was developed by Pie per, a Belgian car manufacturer. He introduced a three-and-a-half horsepower engine, in which the small gasoline engine was linked to an electric motor that sits under the seat. The electric motor was, in effect, a generator that recharges the batteries while driving. However, when the car needed some extra power to go up a steep incline, the electric motor would kick in and provide a boost to the gasoline engine. And due to the popularity of hybrid electric cars, the Electric Vehicle Company built 2,000 taxis, trucks, and buses, and established a subsidiary of taxi and car rental companies from New York to Chicago in early 1904. In 1905, a American engineer named H. Piper filed a patent for a gasoline-electric hybrid vehicle. His idea was to use an electric motor to assist an internal combustion engine, primarily to add the ICE to allow the vehicle to accelerate to 25 miles per hour in 10 seconds, instead of the usual 30 miles per hour. Then after three and a half years, the patent was issued. By this time, the engines had become powerful enough to achieve this kind of performance on their own.

In 1910, a company by the name of Commercial Built Truck, which used a four-cylinder gas engine to power a generator, eliminated the need for a transmission and Battery Park. This hybrid was built by the company in Philadelphia until 1918. Electric hybrid cars and vapors almost completely disappeared in 1913. Electric car sales fell to 6,000 vehicles, while more than 180,000 gasoline cars were sold. Many automakers who still believe in the idea of ​​a hybrid car still go to great lengths to get hybrid cars back into production. Like Baker of Cleveland and Woods of Chicago, two major electric vehicle manufacturers offered hybrid cars that can top speed 35 mph and achieve fuel efficiency of 48 mph. And the Woods Dual Power was more expensive and less powerful than its gasoline competition and was therefore a poor seller.

And then he considered that the year 1920 to 1965 became the dormant period for mass-produced electric and hybrid cars. However, hybrid vehicle technology did not disappear and its development continues. Many people still believe in hybrid technology. Hybrid vehicle technology becomes the answer to most global problems. As in 1966; The United States Congress introduced the first bills recommending the use of electric vehicles as a means of reducing air pollution. After a long period of silence, hybrid cars appeared again in 1969. The same year General Motors 512 was designed, it runs entirely on electric power at a speed of less than ten miles per hour. The vehicle ran on a combination of electric power and gas combustion at 10 to 13 miles per hour. The Arab oil embargo became a big problem in 1973. The price of gasoline skyrocketed, sparking new interest in electric vehicles. The US Department of Energy conducted a test on many electric and hybrid vehicles produced by various manufacturers, including the hybrid known as the Volkswagen Taxi that was produced by Volkswagen in Wolfsburg, West Germany. The Volkswagen Taxi was shown at car shows in the United States and Europe. It used a parallel hybrid setup that allowed for flexible switching between the gasoline engine and the electric motor and logged more than 8,000 miles on the highway. Volkswagen Taxi is considered to have the highest efficiency rating of any hybrid it has ever exhibited up to that point. In 1974, engineers Victor Wok and Charlie Ros-en were part of the Federal Clean Car Incentive Program, creating a prototype gas hybrid electric vehicle using a Buick Skylark body. The vehicle was tested and certified to meet the strict guidelines of an EPA clean air car program by the US Environmental Protection Agency, but was later rejected. American Motors developed a fleet of electric trucks and delivered 352 electric trucks to the US Postal Service, which they tested extensively. Unfortunately, the project did not reach the level of success that everyone expected.

The years 1976 to 1980 were the year when hybrid technology has been of great help. The Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Research, Development, and Demonstration Act of 1976 and the United States Congress enacted Public Law 94-413 were among the goals of the act to work with industry to improve batteries, motors, controllers, and others. hybrid electrical components. And General Electric was chosen to build a parallel hybrid sedan. And Toyota built a small sports car with a gas turbine generator that powers an electric motor, making it Toyota’s first hybrid car. Audi introduced the first generation of the Audi Duo experimental vehicle in 1989. It is based on the Audi 100 Av-anti Quarto. It has a 12.6 horsepower electric motor, which drives the rear wheel instead of the propeller shaft. And also use a nickel cadmium battery to supply power. Two years after that, Audi introduced the second generation Duo, which is also based on the Audi 100 Av-anti Quarto. Toyota came back introducing the Pris in 1997, which is unique to its Japanese market. That year, the Pris sold 18,000 cars and appeared to be the first hybrid vehicle in the world to be significantly mass-marketed. Then Honda introduced the Insight, a two-door lightweight hybrid model that broke the American market in 1999. The vehicle could demonstrate a rating of 61 miles per gallon in the city and 70 miles per gallon on the highway.

The year 2000 has arrived and the door of the new century to hybrid technology opens. Many companies and automakers introduce and launch many new vehicles and improve their own hybrid vehicles. Toyota launched the first four-door hybrid sedan available in the United States in 2000. And Honda introduces Honda Civic Hybrids, its second available gasoline hybrid electric car. The appearance and demonstrability of the car were and still are identical to those of the conventional Civic. And in 2004, Toyota launched the Toyota Pris II, which won the 2004 Car of the Year award from Motor Trend magazine and the North American Auto Show. The demand for Toyota Pris II was surprising as they increased production from 36,000 to 47,000 for the US market. Many interested buyers waited up to six months to purchase the 2004 Taken. In addition, in September of that year, Ford launched the Escape Hybrid, the first American hybrid and the first hybrid SUV.

The sudden surge in oil product in 2007 had been a major crisis all over the world. And because of that, the production of cars and hybrid vehicles had increased. Many car companies and automakers around the world created many different types of hybrid vehicles. Some even convert their ordinary cars into hybrid cars. Today, many taxis in the Philippines had been using Auto-gas, used as an automotive transportation fuel, or LP gas as an alternative to motorized gasoline. The development of this type of hybrid cars does help many people who are having a problem with the increase in the price of oil and it becomes the answer to the increase in the price of oil in the problem of air pollution.


RV Living Verses Apartment Living

A couple of years ago, my wife and I decided that we were going to travel to the United States in a semi-retired state. We kicked out the kids (all over the age of 21), sold our house, and bought an RV. Well, live situations change and we didn’t hit the road, at least not yet. We ended up staying in the area and taking full-time jobs. But we decided at that point to stay in the RV as full-time workers.

The purpose of the article is to offer an idea of ​​the possibilities of using RVs instead of apartments and the advantages of Rving. First, some background for those unfamiliar with recreational vehicle (RV) terms. Recreational vehicles are classified into several different categories.

Class A are the bus-like vehicles that you see traveling on the highway. These are also called motorhomes and for good reason. Class A’s are the cream of the crop, so to speak. They are the most expensive in terms of cost, but have the most storage and convenience. I’ve seen some really nice A-Class and when it comes time to upgrade or trade-in our current RV, we’ll look back at the A-Class. My tastes start in the $ 250,000 range though, which is a little hard to justify for. my.

Next are those of Class B, these are mini motorhomes. They are built on a light to medium truck chassis and can be identified by the appearance of the vehicle’s truck cab. In my opinion, these won’t be suitable for full-time use unless you really like small venues. Some newer B classes include what are called slides, which are sections of the RV that “slide out” from the body, giving you more room to live inside. Living space is what you will be looking for in the long run.

After Class B comes Fifth Wheels. Fifth wheels are trailers that are pulled by pickup trucks. So to get a fifth wheel, you will also need a truck of the right size. I imagine at least one ¾ your truck. Fifth wheels offer an advantage over Class A and Class B in that once the fifth wheel is installed in a camp, the truck is dismantled and can be used as a means of transportation. With Class A and B RVs, you will need to tow or bring another vehicle to get around. Fifth wheels come close to the Class A RV in comforts and, in some cases, have more room. Dollar for dollar, you’ll get more living space in a fifth wheel than in a Class A.

However, you need an expensive towing vehicle (truck) that should be considered as part of the purchase. The fifth wheel is also part of a class considered ‘towable’. The next ‘towable’ is the travel trailer (TT). These are similar to the fifth wheel except for the connections to the tow vehicle. With TT it connects to a hitch that is located near the bumper of the vehicle. So almost any vehicle has the ability to tow a TT depending on size and weight, of course. Class A, fifth wheels, and travel trailers are the top 3 RVs you will find people living full time in. After the TT comes the camper class. These are light RVs that aren’t really suitable for full time, however I have met people who work full time in pop-ups, vans, and even tents. The top of the line for the class of motorhomes are probably truck motorhomes.

These are units that slide into a truck bed. Generally, the maximum length is no more than 12 feet front to back and maybe 10 feet side to side. They are very compact. These offer the ultimate in freedom as they are quick to install and disassemble so you can move quickly from place to place. However, like classes A and B, your home is also your means of transportation, unless you bring another vehicle with you. The last group of towable trailers are pop-up or tent trailers. These have a study box frame and, as the name implies, they open or lift up to raise the ceiling over the frame. This class of campers usually have soft sides made of fabric. I have used pop-ups for years as an alternative to hotels during my assignments across the country. I even camped in the middle of winter with snow on the ground in a pop-up window. Needless to say, a heater was required and it ran all day and night. At night he couldn’t stand the cold, so the morning was a bit of fun to get out of bed. It was 20 degrees outside and about 50 inside.

That’s a basic overview of the types of RVs available. As mentioned above, Class A fifth wheel travel trailers are the units that most people will find suitable for full-time living.

Our experiences of living full time in an RV.

We currently have a fifth wheel. Ours is from Jayco and is 38 feet long with 3 slides. One slide is in the bedroom, the other two slides are in the living room, one on each side of the trailer. After almost 3 years in the RV as full-time workers, we both love it. My wife likes to say that it takes less than an hour to clean from front to back, from floor to ceiling.

Let’s start with the financial aspect of living in an RV. You have the cost of the RV. These should be treated like cars. If you buy new, you will take a beating in depreciation. However, like a home, interest is tax deductible. So the best offer seems to be a unit that is one or two years old and financed. If you want to buy a new one, calculate a discount of between 25% and 30% of the list price. Our unit was a 2003 still on the lot in 2005 with the 2006 units delivered. The sticker price was over $ 65,000. We pay $ 40,000 saving us about 38 percent. Now at the time we didn’t have a towing vehicle so the dealer delivered the fifth wheel to a nearby campground.

Oak Grove in Hatfield, PA is a year-round camp. This is important. You want to find a camp that offers year-round operations. You don’t want to have to move in the winter. Many camps are closed from November to March or early April. When we started there, the rent was $ 375 a month and it included water and electricity. Our only other expense was propane for heat and hot water. Oak Grove supplied 2 tanks of 100 pound propane and they automatically changed the tanks for us. This is really nice, kind of like automatic oil delivery when you have a house. During the warmer months, we use almost no propane, maybe a bottle every two months if so. However, in winter we will use 3-4 bottles a month due to the heater. Currently, propane costs around $ 50 a bottle. So from the point of view of renting an apartment to living in a motor home, the expenses are usually cheaper. My daughter pays $ 750 a month for an apartment near us and we pay an average of $ 425-450.

Other benefits of living in an RV: the people! The people you find camping are the most wonderful you have ever met. They are friendly, helpful, young at heart, and just plain personable. We have been avid campers since before we got married. I used to sneak out to DE, where my wife (girlfriend at the time) and her family were camping and pitching a tent, then I became part of the family. In the nearly 40 years we’ve been together and camping, we’ve never met anyone who was rude, a thief, or unwilling to help out if asked. In fact, we have received more offers of help without asking than when we live in a house or apartment.

It’s funny, but when I was traveling and staying in hotels, you almost felt like a ghost or a leopard or something. God forbid if you said ‘hi’ to someone in the elevator or in the hallway. But when you camp, everyone says hello as you pass, some will offer you drinks or make you sit by the fire and chat for hours. It’s like we are all family.

Speaking of fires, what is a campfire about? Sitting around a nice fire at night is very relaxing. No need to say anything, just watch the flames and it seems like all the stress just goes away. But bonfires have another benefit, food. Nothing tastes better than food cooked over an open fire. Try doing that in an apartment.

Rving has another benefit, vacations. If you live in an apartment, your vacation consists of going to a destination, finding a hotel / motel, eating out at all meals, and wearing enough clothing for the duration of the vacation. When you live in a mobile home, your home is with you. 30-40 minutes to pack the RV, disconnect the utilities, and connect the truck and you’re on the road. When you arrive at your vacation destination, another 30-40 minutes and you are ready to enjoy the sites. Meals are not a problem, you have a full kitchen already stocked as at home, since it is your home. Do we have a special diet? No problem, your normal routine is uninterrupted. Clothes get dirty, many RVs come with washers and dryers so you can wash your clothes while relaxing at night or before you start your day. Rving is also usually cheaper. When you compare the expenses, you will find that the RV trip is much cheaper than the trip to the hotel / restaurant.

These are just a few of the things to consider when looking at apartment living in an RV. I hope the information has been useful to you.