History of cats and classification of domestic cats

Scientists classify living organisms into different kingdoms, families, and orders to study more about them. Although, most people do not go into such details, but certain people who love cats will definitely want to know the scientific classification of cats.

However, before that there is little history here about the rankings. In the 19th century, there was a great craze to scientifically classify organisms. During that era, researchers identified numerous species and subspecies. They named the organisms by their own name or by the name of the traveler, who bought them in different regions. Consequently, cats were no exception, and the researchers also classified them.

Below is a detailed description of the scientific classification of cats. To begin with, the domestic cat in the home is commonly known as Felis Catus.

How the researchers classified the cats:

Life science expert Carouse Linnaes gave the name Felis Catus to the domestic cat in the year 1758. Domestic cats are, in fact, distant relatives of wild cats. Therefore, domestic cats are the subspecies of wild cats. Thus, according to the guidelines of the ICZN (International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature), wild cats are called F silvestris and F silvestris catus for domestic species.

Cats are mammals and represent the groups of vertebrates. Also, since cats are carnivores, they are placed under the order Carnivores. The easy and scientific tabulation of cat classification is as follows:

Common name: cat, feline, kitten, domestic cat and pussycat

Animal Kingdom

Edge: Chordata

Class: Mammals

Order: Carnivora

Subordinate: Feliformia

Family: Felidae

Subfamily: Felinate/Pantherinae

Species: Felis catus

Cats like domestic cats, cougars, cheetahs, lynxes, ocelots, and others belong to the Felinae subfamily, while big cats like leopards, jaguars, lions, and tigers belong to the Pantherinae subfamily.

Long before scientists assigned a scientific classification to cats, ancient travelers and cat lovers had already classified them into subspecies. It usually relied on the notion that the particular cat type was representative of the main cat phenotype in the area.

This method was the same as the Victorian love of gathering and classifying organisms and then claiming them in a certain order. For example, the extant Felis Catus anura is known as the Manx, catus Siamensis as the Siamese, F catus cartusenesis as the Chartreux, and F catus angorensis as the Turkish Angora.

About Species:

Species are nothing more than taxonomic groups of animals, which are similar but easily distinguishable from each other. Although they appear similar, they never interbreed naturally.

For example, tigers and cats are the same species but they are very different in terms of behavior and type, so they need to be further classified into subspecies or breeds. Mammals of a particular subspecies vary morphologically from the distinctive mammals.

The domestic cat is actually a descendant of the original African wildcat. The subspecies of an African wildcat is Fs lybica. Domestic cats take the place under Fs lybica and become felis catus. All breeds of felis catus interbreed naturally.


VPN for Android and why we need a VPN on Android

Currently Android is the most demanded platform in mobile phones. In the second quarter of 2009, Android phones had a total share of 2.8% of smartphones worldwide; for the fourth quarter of 2010 this percentage grew to 33% becoming the market leader. In June 2011, Google stated that 550,000 Android devices are activated every day. Since May 2011, 100 million or more devices have been activated. As of the start date of August 2011, Canalys gave an estimate of Android’s share at around 48%. Android has been listed as the best-selling smartphone platform worldwide in the fourth quarter of 2010.

With the increased demand for portability and the arrival of more features, the existence of VPNs has also been praised. With the passage of time, smartphones are becoming more like a computer and have provided users with more features than just calls and SMS. Now, Android phones provide users with functionalities like remote access, file sharing, and much more like browsing the internet over a Wi-Fi connection, but as people use technology for good, the number of malefactors grows proportionally. Through a Wi-Fi connection, one can easily track the activities of others on the same network using simple software called a packet sniffer.

If you are one of those people who know that data sent over a Wi-Fi connection via emails is not encrypted and can be easily decrypted with free tools, and you are considerate of the privacy of the data you transmit over of that Wi-Fi connection. -Fi connection, then you must get a VPN service. With VPN on your Smartphone the possibilities are endless. The world is at your fingertips, literally. You can be shopping in France while dining in New York and conducting a financial transaction in Rome.

Some TV channels implement geo-restrictions and prevent people from watching all the good stuff. With a VPN (which masks your IP, fooling policy enforcers) you can make them believe that you are accessing their channel from their area. Similarly, through a VPN, all the files you transmit are encrypted in such a way that even the best hackers have a hard time decoding them. In short, if you are a tech savvy then you should get a VPN service for your smartphone so that you can be comfortable all the time.


Homemade Dog Toys – 7 Toys You Can Make Yourself For Under $5 – Your Dog Will Love Them

vibrating screen

This toy will take you about 5 minutes to make. Take the paper towel roll when it’s empty (or the toilet paper roll for small dogs) and fill it with a couple of small dog treats. Seal both ends with some duct tape. Shake it in front of your dog and watch him go crazy when you give it to him. They will be able to smell the treats with their keen sense of smell. You may want to do two or three of them at a time if you have a destructive dog. They will have a lot of fun with it. You can use your imagination with what you want to put in the toy. Your dog will love it! Free

frisbee rope

I’m sure you’ve noticed how the hard plastic on a Frisbee is very hard on your dog’s mouth, so you should make a Frisbee out of a softer but still strong material. Pet stores will charge you upwards of $10 for a good piece of cotton rope, but you can get one for less than $2. Take a trip to the hardware store and buy a foot (or so) of thick, braided cotton rope. When you get it home, sew the two ends together with some thick stitches. You can do it by hand…yes you can. Now you have a Frisbee String and your dog will love it. Cost: about $2

tug of war

Another way you can use the rope you bought at the hardware store is to tie both ends of the rope together and play “Tug of War.” What dog doesn’t love to do that? Again, the pet store charges way too much money for something so simple. Your dog certainly doesn’t care where he came from. This rope is great for strengthening jaw muscles not to mention how much fun they will have playing with you. Cost: about $2

mr sock

There are a few variations of using this toy, but these two are the most popular:

Take a new sweat sock and put a tennis ball in it. You can draw a funny face on it if you want, and then tie a knot in the sock to keep the ball in place. You can only imagine how much fun your dog can have with this. They’ll love tossing that sock around and chasing after it when it bounces back. This is also a good quest game. Cost: about $2

Then take another new sock, draw a funny face and put your hand inside. Use it as a hand puppet by talking and gently biting your dog’s ears and nose. They may be confused at first, but they will figure it out very quickly. Always wear a new sock because it will make them look different than the ones you are wearing. If they don’t have your scent and have a face drawn on them, they won’t look like the ones you wear around the house. Cost: about $2

the shell game

Use three plastic cups (make sure they are not see-through) and a dog treat for this game. Flip the cups over and place the treat under one of them. Keep changing the glasses very fast so that it confuses your dog. Once you stop, have your dog choose which cup the treat is in. Trust me, your dog will always win and have a lot of fun doing it. Free

break the pinata

This game is very similar to the one played by humans. Take a brown paper bag, draw a traditional

pinata design and fill it with some dog treats. Then tie it to a post with a string at the end and swing it in front of your dog. This is a great exercise because of all the jumping your dog will do. They will love it! Free

Swing the plastic bottle

Things you’ll need: Empty plastic bottle (any size); a straw; knitting needle

Punch holes on each side of your plastic bottle.

Thread the straw through the holes, and then thread the knitting needle through the straw. It needs to be able to swing, so you’ll need the knitting needle to be longer than the straw.

You should be able to have both hands on either side of the knitting needle that is holding the bottle. Make sure the holes are about a quarter of the way up the bottle, which will prevent the bottle from becoming too heavy. Place a treat inside the bottle, hold your hand on either side, and have your dog rock the bottle until the treat falls out of the open top. This will keep them entertained for a long time. Cost: about $3


toys for your hound

A lot of thought should go into choosing the right toys for your hound. You must first learn about the breed and understand its mannerisms before going to the store and buying anything old.

By nature, if a Bloodhound doesn’t have much to keep its mind occupied, it’s just like any other animal on the planet, it gets bored. Many new dog owners will spend a great deal of money pampering their new pet by going to their local pet store or buying all sorts of toys online that they think will be pleasing to the dog.

Bloodhounds like to have jobs to do, such as walking or running, training for search and rescue, or whatever they think will please their owner. They love to play and I don’t think they’ll ever get past that stage. Now don’t be fooled, he’s a very intelligent animal and some owners end up being the ones looking instead of searching, so you’ll want to keep your mind on the task at hand and not something else.

While they are idle in their yard or barnyard, they are always looking for something to do. Most bloodhounds like to chew, so you’ll want to choose a toy that will last and won’t hurt them if they ingest it. Once they are old enough to play with each other, they will want other items to occupy their time.

A toy that is good and will last a while is a wind-up toy. They will pull each other if they have a playmate and try to take it from the other. It is always good entertainment for the owner to watch their new dog play. Get involved with them as much as you can. Pull the string but let them as long as they have it so they know that this is their toy and no one will take it away from them.

Eventually the rope will get old and fray and they will start to eat it. Toys don’t last forever and once they do you’ll want to take them off and get a new one. They will be very happy to see a fresh new string to play with.

Another great chew toy for them is hooves. These can be found at almost any pet store. Ask the store manager where you can find them. They’ll also last a while and keep you busy for hours, but just like with rope, once they start to shrink and there are splinters everywhere, you’ll want to replace them with a new one.

Since bloodhounds like to chew, a new owner might be disappointed in the new dog because he likes to chew on his kennel. This is common to almost all bloodhounds I have seen. Some will literally destroy the house if they don’t have enough to keep them busy, and others will just nibble on it for a while.

The best toy for any bloodhound that I have found is a plain old stick. They come in many flavors, pine, aspen, willow, maple, oak. You will have to adjust the dogs taste to what is available to you. Where I live aspens are plentiful and I get them a fresh stick often and it keeps them busy for hours.

Toys for your hound don’t have to be fancy, just safe and practical to keep them busy and not hurt themselves by eating something that’s bad for them or gets stuck in their intestines.

Have fun with your dog, they won’t be around forever. Once you find a good toy for them, you will enjoy playing and watching them for hours on end every day for a lifetime.


Why is a Golden Retriever’s nose so powerful?

Especially powerful is the nose of the Golden Retriever, which often takes over the function of the brain. One of the main reasons hunters have sought out Goldens over the years is because of their superior ability to smell.

The instinct and desire to use their sense of smell to discover and enjoy new and old scents is always present in Goldens. On walks or simply in their garden, they are constantly alert to odours. It is one of the greatest pleasures of their lives.

The retriever part of the dog’s name indicates the type of work for which it was developed. It is also an indication that the average Golden with natural instincts will spend a fair amount of time searching for and carrying whatever objects it finds in its mouth.

Some Goldens are so happy when they have a wonderful object in their mouth that they make talking sounds.

In general, Goldens get along well with other pets. However, as often as we don’t like to admit it, they are dogs and exhibit dog traits. While not a desirable trait, adult males can be aggressive towards other dogs of the same sex.

Occasionally females will exhibit the same tendency. Castration can help control this problem, especially in males. Goldens with a prey drive will chase anything that runs away from them, such as cats and rabbits and anything small and fast.

Chasing larger animals or livestock is generally not a problem because they are more likely to bark at larger animals that chase them, although you can never be sure.

As a conclusion, Golden Retrievers, like all retrievers, really enjoy investigating the world with their strong sense of smell. They generally get along with other local animals, but sometimes show prey drive and chase smaller animals.


Proven Strategies for Winning – California Lottery

The California State Lottery began in 1984 and is one of the most popular among lottery players around the world. Her games include Mega Millions, Fantasy 5, Super Lotto Plus, Hot spot, Scratcher, Daily 3, Daily 4 and Daily Derby. If you are a California lottery player, then you need to know some important facts about number selection. Here are some tips on how to get the correct winning numbers:

– When playing the California State Lottery, calculating numbers knowing the correct lottery code and lottery pattern is your best bet. The strategy for calculating the winning numbers was revealed by a math genius who did research and proved that the lottery pattern is a key factor influencing lottery winnings. His strategy helps players avoid common mistakes made by average players playing Super Lotto Plus, Hot spot, Scratcher or any other California lottery game. The lottery pattern gives you the trend by which you can calculate the winning numbers.

– There are lottery software and programs available that analyze the previous results and through this analysis the software generates the numbers that have a high probability of appearing in the next draw. Be sure to keep track of past winning numbers for California lottery games to increase your odds of winning.

– Even when playing California lottery games like Mega Millions, Fantasy 5, Daily 4, and Daily Derby, you can use some math tools and wheel systems that check past history and filter the selection to get the winning number combination. Thus eliminating the numbers that have a low probability of being drawn.

– Lottery number generator is one of the best solutions for all California lottery games. This system takes into account your choice of sequence and number combination calculations.

Try following these strategies to win the lottery. There have been players who learned and used these techniques and managed to get a win more than once they played. These tricks are easy to learn and can make you a millionaire by getting the winning numbers right like a fish out of the ocean.


National Organ Donor Day and its Importance

Organ Donation Statistics

  • According to studies by
  • As of August 2017, more than 116,000 men, women, and children are on the organ waiting list.
  • In 2016, it is estimated that around 33,611 transplants were successfully performed.
  • Every day at least 20 people die without getting donors.
  • Although the majority of US citizens support organ donation, only 54% of them are registered donors.

What should be done to donate organs and save more lives?

Go to a nearby hospital or community health center and sign up for organ donation. Donor organs can save up to 8 lives. You can help people in your family and community sign up for organ donation to become a registered donor.

What organs can be donated?

  • All eight vital organs including the heart, kidneys (2), pancreas, lungs (2), liver and intestines can be donated. Hands and faces will also be listed in the coming days.
  • Tissue donation includes cornea, skin, heart valves, bones, blood vessels, and connective tissues.
  • In addition to the organs and tissues listed above, bone marrow and stem cells, umbilical cord blood, and peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) can also be donated.

Who can become an organ donor?

From newborns to seniors, anyone can be an organ donor. Although there are no age limitations to become a registered donor, in the US, individuals under the age of 18 must obtain authorization from their parents or guardians. Organ donation depends only on the state of your organs and your physical form.

You can still donate organs, even if you are not a US citizen. Organs will be given to patients based on medical necessity, not citizenship.

Even with any disease you can donate. But people with HIV, jaundice, cancer, or any other organ infection will not be able to donate their organs or tissues. If you want to donate your whole body, contact the nearest medical organization and learn about the possibilities.

Spread knowledge and raise awareness:

Talk to your family and friends about this, make them understand how serious this is. Making a documentary on this topic or organizing an event can help people learn about it and the ways they can help save a life.

Generate the discussion on social media, when organ donation related hashtags become popular obviously people may start searching and learning about them. #NationalDonorDay, #Imadonor are some samples.

Join the community on Facebook or follow HRSA (@HRSAgov) on Twitter and share your experiences and learn about donation news and statistics. Also, you can download the social media graphics and share them on your own social media channels to raise awareness among people in your group.


Many organizations and volunteers are willing to help. Now is the right time to step up and enroll yourself and your family members as registered donors.


Raise a pet Coatimundi: Know the details

Raising a coatimundi as a pet can be challenging at first, especially if you are doing it for the first time. You need to know many important things. You should also consider different sets of factors while doing this to ensure that your exotic pet doesn’t grow up with bad habits that may cause some harm later on.

One of the most important things to know about raising a coatimundi as a household pet would be not to overfeed your baby during a feeding. You should watch how much you feed your exotic pet because coatis generally continue to feed until they get very bloated. Overfeeding can cause inhalation pneumonia; loss of body condition; and loose stools. When you finish feeding your pet coati and he is still hungry, you should wait at least 45 minutes before you can offer him the bottle again. At 5 weeks of age, your pet coati should begin eating an average of one ounce per feeding. You should feed your pet four times a day. You can increase this frequency as your exotic pet ages. Don’t forget to burp your pet coati after every meal.

The next important thing to know about raising your exotic pet would be the right time for weaning. This is generally up to the pet owner and may be based on their own circumstances. You should know that the more you bottle feed your baby coati, the less inclined he will be to eat solid food. At 5 or 6 weeks of age, you should start putting down some dry puppy food for your exotic pet. When you start feeding your exotic pet solid food, you can mix some apple juice with puppy food or monkey biscuits. Each coati is considered individual with its own unique taste buds. Some of the coatis’ favorite foods include pizza, cold cuts, newtons, blueberry muffins, watermelon, eggs, and bananas.

Vaccination schedules are another thing to consider. These should be the same with puppies and kittens. The first vaccines and deworming are given at 5 or 6 weeks of age. After which, this is done every 3 weeks until the coatis reach the age of 16 weeks. Annual boosters and deworming are also highly recommended. Aside from this, coatis should also receive a distemper and parvovirus vaccine for dogs or DHLP-P and panleukopenia vaccine for cats. You can deworm your pet coati with any good cat or dog dewormer.

Next, never use too many flea products because most of these things are toxic to exotic animals. If you have a pet coati that is less than 12 weeks old, you might be better off spraying Adams brand flea spray on a towel and wiping it into his fur. Don’t go overboard with this.

Lastly, if you have a male coati, it is highly recommended that you neuter him. Males that are destined for breeding, on the other hand, must be reared by the mother or placed in the breeding pen between 4 and 6 months of age.


4 things that need inspection before deciding on an apartment

cell phone reception

Cell phones are essential these days more than ever. Almost all people rely on these devices for a number of different reasons, from work, to communicating with family and friends, to keeping track of their daily tasks. However, if you find it difficult to use your phone due to poor signal, that’s a big deal. When touring the potential apartment, tenants should try to use their phone in all areas of the place to see if the reception is up to par and consistent.

Another thing that is equally important for everyone is Wi-Fi, there are landlords that include utilities such as water and heat in the rent, while others give rental incentives such as Wi-Fi and cable, so it is important to ask about the Wifi.

Water temperature and water pressure.

These are things that often go unnoticed but that tenants must deal with every day. Nothing could be worse than having extreme water pressure, which can be too strong or too soft, and unstable water temperature. They certainly won’t be able to take a shower as they go through the apartment, but they can turn on the faucet to test the temperature and pressure on their hands to see if they’re okay. In case there are any issues in this regard, they can check with the landlord or company to see if they can be fixed before moving out.

no pests around

Even if they are only renting an apartment, they consider it their home. However, insects and rodents, among other pests, also find their way in, making it a major problem for many people. It is very unhygienic and gross to have pets in an apartment. They have to take a look at the top and inside of their cabinets to see if they have feces. Also, it’s a good idea to check your baseboards and walls for any large holes or cracks as well.

If they are still not satisfied with this, they can ask the landlord for a copy of the latest pest control treatments performed on the apartment/building. It is stated in the lease if the unit/building had any pest problems because landlords disclose such information about their apartment for lease. Tenants must be willing to ask specific questions. Since this will be your home, there should be no pests.

Power outlets and electrical system

Many things in the home require a power outlet to work, including phones, chargers, and appliances, among others. When touring an apartment, try plugging a device into as many outlets as possible to make sure they work. If you can’t think of anything to bring, you can always stop by a nearby hardware store to pick up an electrical receptacle wall plug AC outlet ground tester. Its price ranges between $5 and $10. You can test the state of the circuit for each outlet in the apartment. Additionally, you can check all the lights in the apartment to make sure they can be turned on and off as needed. When they move without checking the outlets, they’ll be sorry when something doesn’t work when they need it most.


Cats: asthma and wheezing

Feline asthma is a chronic respiratory disease characterized by sudden episodes of difficulty breathing. Episodes are often triggered by allergies or stress, which cause the airways to constrict. This leads to shortness of breath, coughing and wheezing. A low-grade chronic cough may be the only sign, but an acute attack can occur at any time and is a life-threatening event. Affected cats are usually between 2 and 8 years of age. Siamese breeds and females may be more susceptible.


The most common causes are allergies to inhaled substances called allergens in the environment. Pollen, mold and dust incriminate the outside. Tobacco smoke, perfumes, dusty kitty litter, and powdered carpet deodorizers are the most common indoor culprits. Other causes include stress, i.e. new pets moving in, as well as lungworms, including lungworms and heartworms. Bacterial infections often complicate these cases; Secondary bacterial pneumonias are not uncommon in cats or people with asthma.


1. Hairball-like cough, often with shortness of breath. This hairball cough doesn’t bring up any hairballs.

2. Wheezing.

3. Difficulty breathing.

4. Breathing can be slow and deliberate, too fast and shallow.

5. Cats can breathe with their mouths open to help move air through their lungs. Cats normally breathe with their mouths closed.


Diagnosis is confirmed by chest x-rays, which help differentiate it from other diseases with similar signs, such as bronchitis, heartworm disease, and pneumonia. Fluid and mucous samples from the airways may be collected and examined microscopically to help identify the exact cause.


True asthma usually responds quickly to a combination of medications designed to open up the airways and block the allergic reaction. Severe cases often require oxygen therapy as well. Antibiotics are indicated if there are bacterial infections such as pneumonia.

In an emergency:

* An injection of epinephrine (adrenaline) reverses an asthmatic crisis in 15 minutes.

* Terbutaline is an airway dilator: when given by injection, it opens the airways within 30 minutes.

* Corticosteroids are drugs such as methylprednisone and depomedrol. They act within 48 hours of injection and last 10 to 14 days. This is a viable alternative for some owners unable to give their cat pills. Cats, unlike humans, are relatively resistant to steroid side effects; therefore, this is suitable for long-term management in certain cases.


Long-term control of asthma involves:

1. Removal of allergens from the environment

has. Use an air purifier, electrostatic air cleaner.

b. Use dust-free, odorless cat litter.

Cons Avoid sprays to control odors.

d. Reduce stress, don’t smoke.

2. Various medications are used to open the airways (Bronchodilators) and decrease allergic reaction (Corticosteroids) similar to those used for Human Asthma.

has. Airway dilators include:

Yo. Terbutaline (Brethine), and

ii. Theophylline (Theo-dur).

These medicines decrease the constriction of the airways and allow air to move in and out of the lungs more easily. Terbutaline is available as an inhalant for humans, and certain veterinarians have devised methods of using it as an inhalant for cats.

b. Cyproheptadine is a drug that decreases the chemical serotonin, which has been shown to be involved in constricting the airways. It is often used in conjunction with steroids and/or in cats that cannot take steroids. Side effects include increased appetite and sedation.

Zamflurkast (Accolate): This is a new asthma drug in humans that is used to lower the dose of steroids needed to control asthma. In cats, this is considered experimental, but initial reports have been good.

d. Cyclosporine – A: This drug is used in human organ transplant patients to modulate the immune response and is quite expensive. Recently, assays have been used in feline asthmatic cases that do not respond to other therapies.

me. Anti-Interleukin-5 Antibody is an anticancer drug that is still in experimental stages for use in feline asthmatics.


The principles include treating allergies, if any, decreasing airway inflammation, and reducing environmental stress.

* Hypoallergenic diets can relieve asthmatic symptoms associated with dietary allergies.

*Fish Oil: Linseed Oil.

* Antioxidants: Vitamins C and E

* Vitamin B6

* B12 vitamin

* Acupuncture has been effective in certain cases.