How I finally trained my dog ​​to stop barking in his shadow for now and forever

Everyone always seems to have a hard time training their dog when they are starting out. In a sense, it should be reassuring to know that you are not the only one with problems. On the other hand, you know that you need a little guidance to make sure you’re doing everything right and you just want to start seeing some positive results.

For me, about 7 years ago I got a new puppy. His name is Ralph, and he’s the definition of everything a man’s best friend should be. I love him to death. But, a few months after I caught him, he developed a nasty habit of barking at everything he saw.

Caught him barking at a butterfly once. Caught him barking at the kitchen chair which made a squeak as the person sitting in the chair leaned back. He just stood there and barked at the chair for a good 20 seconds.

Worst of all, I’ve seen him bark in his own shadow. I’ve always heard people tell jokes about dogs barking in their own shadow, but it seemed like my Ralph would always be the butt of the joke.

Well, I started trying a lot of different bark control options. Keep in mind that this happened before you entered the dog training industry. He was testing everything he could find on the market that he knew would be safe, but he wasn’t always necessarily sure that it would work.

Finally, I found something called an ultrasonic dog bark control device. The beauty of this product is that it is very easy to apply. All you do is install the batteries, place it on a solid flat surface, and let it do its job.

Every time a dog barks, the device emits a radio wave beyond the hearing range of any human being. However, the noise disrupts the dog’s barking pattern. And, after several barks, the dog will learn not to bark ever again, unless absolutely necessary.

Before I started using the ultrasonic device, my only options were to simply try various commands on Ralph. Sometimes he responded well, sometimes not so well. Needless to say, the ultrasonic device greatly sped up the process of disciplining Ralph and taught him not to disturb barking anymore.


Dog breeds AZ

Finding the perfect pet is difficult when there are so many different breeds to choose from. Use this guide to learn more about some of the different breeds available.

Alaskan Malamute

The Alaskan Malamute is the oldest Arctic dog breed in the world and was bred as a working dog. They were used to pull sleds and to hunt. This is a friendly dog ​​that makes a great family pet. They love children, but they do not like the company of other dogs. They are an intelligent breed that can learn quickly, but tend to get bored easily.

To groom this breed, you will need to brush its coat weekly. Some of the health concerns associated with this breed include growth problems, eye problems, and hip dysplasia.


The Bloodhound, also known as St. Hubert’s Hound or Chien St. Hubert, is a Belgian breed that was raised by tracking and hunting. This is one of the oldest dog breeds in the world. They typically grow between 23 and 27 inches tall and generally weigh between 80 and 90 pounds. They have a short, smooth coat that is waterproof. Their coat colors vary from black and tan to red and tan. You can also find red hounds. They have folds of skin around the face and neck that help pick up the scent and direct it towards the nose.

To care for this breed, you will need to rub their coats with a damp towel several times a week. Toenails will also need to be trimmed weekly. Your ears should also be looked after regularly. To exercise, this breed needs daily runs and a lot of play time. To keep their minds stimulated, you may want to introduce crawling games. This breed has a few health issues to be aware of: hip dysplasia, inverted eyelids, and swelling.


The Boxer is a German breed that was created by crossing a Bullenbeisser, an unknown breed, and an English Bulldog. This breed was originally very aggressive and was used for fighting and fattening bulls. However, over the years this breed lost its aggressiveness and has become more suitable for family life.

The Boxer is a medium-sized breed of dog that generally stands between 21 and 25 inches tall. They usually weigh between 66 and 70 pounds. Its coat is short, smooth and shiny. Their coat can come in a variety of colors and have several different marking patterns. Some of the more common colors that boxers have include white, brindle, and beige.

Brussels Griffon

The Brussels Griffon, also known as the Griffon Belge, Griffon Bruxellois, and Belgian Griffon, is a small breed of Belgian dog that was used to kill vermin in horse stables. This interesting-looking little guy stands between 7 and 8 inches tall and weighs between 6 and 12 pounds. They come in two varieties, coarse hair and straight hair. Both versions can be found with black, black and tan or red coats.

To care for this little dog, you’ll want to brush its fur several times a week to prevent tangling and remove debris and dirt. They can usually get enough exercise to stay healthy by playing indoors, however they also enjoy spending time frolicking outside and taking short walks. This dog will need to be trained and you will need to be consistent in your praise and corrections. If you plan to breed this dog, you must understand that it is very difficult for them to give birth and only about 60 percent of puppies make it. In addition to reproductive problems, this breed also has respiratory and eye problems.


The Chihuahua is a Mexican breed that was discovered about 100 years ago. It is a toy dog ​​that stands between 6 and 9 inches tall and usually weighs less than 6 pounds. Their coats come in two variations, short and long. The long coat is smooth and can be straight or wavy. The short coat is soft and dense. Both coat variations can come in almost any color or color combination.

To care for this breed, you will need to brush its hair daily for the long-haired version and as needed for the short-haired version. This is an indoor pet that is not suitable for extended periods of time outdoors. However, they like to play outside and take short walks. To handle this breed’s temperament, you need to socialize and train it early. Some of the health problems associated with this breed include kneecap problems, eye problems, and tracheal problems.

English springer spaniel

The English Springer Spaniel, also known as the Norfolk Spaniel, is a British breed known to be the oldest breed of spaniel in the world. They were originally developed as a hunting dog. Their name is derived from the elastic steps they take when hunting. Today this breed is still used as a hunting dog, however they also make a great family pet if properly trained and socialized.

The English Springer Spaniel requires regular grooming to keep its coat shiny and clean. The best type of brush to use on your soft coat is a stiff bristle brush. Bathing should only be done when you need it. This breed also needs a lot of exercise. Long walks and lots of playtime in the yard or in a fenced park every day will keep them healthy, happy, and out of trouble.

Fox Terrier (smooth)

The Fox Terrier (Smooth) is a cute little dog that originated in England as a vermin hunter. This breed was grouped with the Wired Fox Terrier until 1984 when it established itself as its own unique breed. Today this breed is still used to hunt vermin, however it is also used as a family pet.

The Smooth Fox Terrier is a playful and energetic breed that loves to play with children. If you have other pets in your family, this breed may chase them, especially if they are small like cats. And they can try to take the dominant role if you have other dogs. To keep them happy and healthy, they will need a lot of exercise, a lot of mental stimulation, and a lot of attention. They are smart and respond well to obedience training, yet they have a stubborn streak that can prevent them from approaching you when you call them, especially if they are having fun.

Fox Terrier (wire)

The Fox Terrier (Wire), also called the Wire Fox Terrier, is a British breed that developed in the 19th century as a vermin hunter. This breed is most likely descended from the Beagle, Shropshire, and Cheshire. Today this very active breed of dog is used as a family pet and as a vermin hunter.

This puppy is approximately 15.5 inches tall and weighs between 16 and 18 pounds. They have short wavy hair that gives them a luxurious look. Their coats should be predominantly white with tan and / or black markings. This dog is a great playmate for children. However, you should be careful around the other pets you pair this dog with, as he tends to chase anything that is small.


Greyhounds are an Egyptian breed that was originally used to hunt wolves, wild boar, and deer. This breed was originally associated with the aristocracy and upper-class citizenship. Today this breed is used for racing, hunting, and pets.

The Greyhound is a tall athletic dog that stands between 27 and 30 inches tall and weighs between 60 and 70 pounds. They generally have a short coat and fur that comes in a variety of colors including: multi-colored, white, blue, fallow tabby, black, and red. This dog is truly a gentle giant who is great with children. Since they were bred as hunting dogs, they have a natural instinct to chase anything smaller than they are, so they may not be the best house companions for small pets.


The Puli, also called Pulik, Hungarian Puli, and Hungarian Water Dog, is a sheepdog that originated in Hungary. He is a medium-sized dog that stands between 14 and 19 inches tall and weighs between 20 and 40 pounds. They have a furry, weather-resistant outer layer and a soft wool inner layer. Its coloration is usually quite dark. The most common colors found in this breed include black, dark rust, gray, and apricot.

Sealyham terrier

The Sealyham Terrier is a terrier breed that originated in Wales. This breed probably developed from crossing the Cheshire Terrier, the Welsh Corgi, the Dandi Dinmont Terrie, the West Highland Terrier, and the Fox Terrier. He is a small dog that is only around 12 inches tall and weighs between 18 and 20 pounds. They have a coat similar to the Scottish Terrier, however their coat colors are slightly different. The Sealyham Terrier comes in shades of white, lemon, blue, multi-colored badger, black, and brown.


The Vizsla, also called the Hungarian Vizsla, Magyar Vizsla, Drotszoru Magyar Vizsla, and Hungarian Pointer, is a breed of Hungarian sporting dog. He is a medium-sized dog that stands between 22.5 and 25 inches tall and weighs between 48.5 and 66 pounds. They have a short, straight coat that comes in a brownish-red color. White footprints on the chest and feet are common. The Vizsla is a dog with a sweet, gentle and tolerant nature. They make a great dog and family companion, as well as a great hunting dog.


The Whippet is a British breed that was created by crossing the Greyhound with a variety of terrier breeds. This dog was originally used as a buzzard and vermin hunter, however it also made a living from dog racing. Today this dog is used both for hunting and as a companion.

The Whippet is a bloodhound dog that stands between 17 and 20 inches tall and weighs around 28 pounds. They have a short, fine coat that comes in a variety of colors and patterns. When you look at this dog, it looks like a miniature greyhound.

Yorkshire terrier

The Yorkshire Terrier is a breed of toy dog ​​that originated in Great Britain. They were originally used as a lap dog and a fashion accessory by the Victorian aristocracy. Many dog ​​experts believe that this breed was created by crossing the Skye Terrier, the Clydesdale Terrier, the Manchester Terrier, the Paisley, and the Maltese.

The Yorkshire Terrier is small and only stands between 6 and 9 inches tall and weighs between 3 and 7 pounds. They have a long variegated silk coat. Steel blue and tan are common shades found in their fur.


The magic messenger

Here in the southeast, the rainy season re-enters, a time when the sky remains bright and cornflower blue, but November leaves the rain on the trees in fiery hues and hues. That night the temperature drops below freezing, the trees slowly fall apart, the night shrouded in a blanket of silence, too cold for the strumming of crickets and tree frogs.

* * * * * * *

On Monday morning, Savannah Monroe opens the front door to run out onto the porch, grab the newspaper, and scramble back into the house before the fresh air saturates her robe. Instead, find a calico kitten rolling around with the paper, tackling it like a soccer ball, chewing on the rubber band.

“Hi, honey,” Savannah says, kneeling slowly, forgetting about the icy breeze. “Who do you belong to?”

The kitten leaps to his feet, meows loudly, and runs over to Savannah, flopping down on his slippers. As he strokes his matted fur, he estimates the kitten to be six weeks old, part of a wild colony that lives in the overgrown terrain at the end of the street.

“Bet you’re hungry,” he says, feeling the kitten’s ribs peeking out of his caramel and ivory coating.

Suddenly, a low growl intensifies behind Savannah as Thoth, her Maine Coon, discovers the reason for the open door and the cold breeze swimming through the living room. Before she can stop him, Thoth pounces on the kitten, who scurries like a white mouse under Savannah’s robe and into the house.

Hearing the howls, Horus descends the stairs and helps Thoth corner the hissing kitten under the kitchen table, while Savannah closes the door and runs.

“Back off, boys,” she says to Thoth and Horus, gently pulling the cats aside so she can crawl under the table and rescue the trembling kitten. “Let’s clean you up a bit,” he says to the kitten, as he tries to hide in his arms.

Walk to the sink and turn on the tap. The warm water flows over the kitten in her hand like a grapefruit. Her shivering begins to subside, as Savannah gently soaps an organic flea shampoo around her eyes and ears, right down to the tip.

At just six inches long, the kitten is standing on the counter nibbling on a piece of kibble while Savannah bites into her wet fur with a dish towel. By lifting the tail, it determines that the kitten is male. Turning it over, he finds no sign of fleas, but one eye blinks red and crusty. Savannah mixes a warm goldenseal tea solution and washes both eyes, a trick she learned from her best friend, Ravena Riley, a veteran of wild cat rescue.

“When I get the chance, I’ll call Ravenna,” he muses. “Maybe she can find a home for you.”

* * * * * * *

Take the kitten to the bathroom with a bowl of cat milk, not trusting him alone in the house with Horus and Thoth. After Savannah showers and dresses for work, the kitty follows her into the office, where she immediately dives into the open pocket of an unfinished purse.

“Oh no you don’t!” he exclaims, laughing, as he grabs an empty reel of tape to distract him.

Savannah’s Magickal Handbags specializes in expensive handcrafted purses with magic spells. She founded the company ten years ago by accident, when she couldn’t find an attractive but functional bag for her job as a personal assistant to a fashion designer in Atlanta. Frustrated, she created her own, which caused a stir the first day she brought it to work and generated several requests from co-workers and friends.

Within a year, she had fattened her savings account and gathered a long list of handbag wholesale and retail clients. He quit his job and moved to the mountains of eastern North Carolina, a part of the country he had always wanted to explore. Savannah had finally realized her dream of having a successful design business in the fashion industry. Sales increased every year, as did the prices of her bags.

She then met Greer at a trade show, the publicist for a national chain of designer boutiques. Their marriage only lasted three years, long enough for Savannah to realize that the quiet man, who made her laugh with his unconventional sense of humor, was actually a depressed and angry person. She left when she got tired of his chameleon nature, when she realized that his irate mood wasn’t her fault, no matter how verbally abusive Greer became, no matter how often he accused her.

She is now thirty-five years old, divorced, and living in South Carolina, the place where she first met Ravenna. Back then, her bags were being sold at craft fairs throughout the Southeast rather than high-end boutiques, department stores, and gift shops. Ravenna’s booth had stood next to hers at a craft fair nine years ago in Columbia, one of Savannah’s first craft fairs, and she had marveled at Ravenna’s skill in sales, feeling as green as the grass underneath. from your stand. Rather than ignoring a newbie, Ravena befriended her and offered her lots of tips to increase sales, which worked and made the program profitable for both women.

Savannah knew without a doubt that the Goddess had put this Wiccan sister in the Office in her path that day, and they have remained best friends ever since. It’s no wonder Ravenna suggested that Savannah move to South Carolina after her divorce, encouraging her young friend to start over on friendly ground.

Last month, Savannah arrived with Horus and Thoth, rented a house in Irmo, just a mile away from Ravenna, and began to repair her altered self-esteem, trying to get out of the huge hole that had been opened in her heart by a abusive marriage.

“So the last thing I need is another man in my life,” she whispers, putting her work aside long enough to find the kitten sleeping peacefully on a pile of scraps of cloth. A smile lights up Savannah’s face and she laughs softly. “Even if he’s cute like you.”

* * * * * * *

But you can’t ignore the feeling that this kitten came into your life for a reason, as if one of the fairies you communicate with every day whispered in your ear. Too distracted to keep sewing a row of old lace into a new bag, she walks into the living room toward her altar. Horus and Thoth sit by the sliding glass door, gurgling with the leaves that rain down from the oaks and elms, wagging their tails, imagining that each could be a sparrow or jay that they could chase.

Savannah opens the magic box containing her Wiccan tarot deck. Bast, the Egyptian goddess of cats, sits next to him, her serene feline face watching and waiting. Go back to the office and place the platform on the work table.

But before I can cast a sacred circle for a reading, the doorbell rings. Ravenna is standing on the front porch, the warm breeze fanning her long blonde hair in a linen cape, three small braids threaded, each tied with ribbons and rune charms, a basket of cat toys rolled over her arm.

“Weather station predicts a peak today in the 1980s.” Ravenna shakes her head. “It must be from South Carolina!” He walks through the door and hands the basket to Savannah. “These are for your new kitty,” he says, winking.

Savannah gasps. “How did you know?”

“I am a witch, remember?” Ravenna folds up and then laughs. “Seriously, I saw it on the tarot cards this morning.”

At that moment, the kitten storms out of Savannah’s office, dancing like a Samhain cat, and lunges under the couch.

“I can see the cards were fine as always,” says Ravena, flopping into a cushioned chair, as Savannah sets the basket on the coffee table and pulls the kitten out from under the couch.

“I’m glad you’re here anyway, since I can’t keep this kitten,” Savannah says, placing him next to the basket, which he dives into, fighting a catnip mouse. “I was hoping you could find him a home.”

Ravena ignores Savannah’s comment and picks the kitten up onto her lap, where it begins to purr loudly. “What do Thoth and Horus think of this little guy?”

Savannah shrugs and stretches out on the couch. “You know cats. They are never happy with a newcomer.”

Ravena scratches the kitten’s chin and he closes his eyes in ecstasy, his snowy throat rumbling. “You should call him Re, in honor of the Egyptian Sun God,” he muses, “because of his ivory skin and the Light he brings to this house.”

“The last thing I need is a new man in my life.” Savannah groans. “You know it better than anyone.”

“Yes,” Ravena says, her jade eyes twinkling, “but we all need Messengers of Light from the Goddess and the Fey.”

Savannah groans and waves her hands in surrender. “Okay, I give up,” he concedes. “What did the letters say?”

Ravena picks up the kitten and kisses its pink nose. “Do not reject this Messenger of Light,” he says quietly. “It could be a good fortune fairy in disguise.”


Is a Doberman a good family pet?

Before deciding to add a dog to your family, you should have a family conversation and determine if you can devote time and energy to your newest member. Any puppy takes a lot of work and you have to remember that your puppy will grow up and be with you for many years. If you are considering getting a specific breed, chances are, if you have children, you would not consider a Doberman Pinscher.

Thanks to film and television, Dobermans have a reputation for being fierce watchdogs. Naturally, you wouldn’t think that a Doberman would be the best family pet. It is understandable to have concerns. Dobermans are working dogs bred for protection, however the breed has evolved over the years. Dobermans can be wonderful pets for families with children, but as with any breed, you should do your research before purchasing.

It is best to have a Doberman as a puppy, as socialization will be such an important aspect of their upbringing, and any puppy, regardless of breed, should have basic puppy kindergarten classes. Your Doberman puppy will learn to blend in with other family pets and will want to get to know all the neighbors and their pets, as well as family friends. Dobermans love to be with their people, right in the middle of everything. They are not suitable to be tied up or locked in the backyard. They will not do well if left home alone for long periods of time.

There are a few things to keep in mind if you choose to get a Doberman. One thing you may not realize is that Dobermans have a very high prey drive. This means that they will want to chase small animals and are likely to run away if given the opportunity. In addition, they are very sensitive dogs, so they will capture the moods of the family, whether happy or sad, and they are especially sensitive to stress.

Today’s Doberman is bred to have a stable temperament and good health, however they are prone to certain disorders, including VonWillebrand’s, which affect the ability of blood to clot. This can lead to serious blood loss from injury or surgery. Puppy parents should be screened for VonWillebrands and also Wobbler syndrome, which is a narrowing of the cervical vertebrae that affects the dog’s ability to walk.

If you want a fun, active, and sometimes comical addition to your family, you should consider a Doberman. They are loving, loyal, and easy to train. They will protect you and your children instinctively. If you decide to add a Doberman to your family, you will discover why they are known as the “velcro dog.”


History of dog clothes

Dog clothes were first created by the military! Yes, that is correct! Dogs that worked for the military were the first canines to wear clothes. They wore clothes for practical reasons and not for fashion. Military dogs primarily wore clothing for camouflage purposes. This helped them not to warn about enemy assaults and attacks.

Today, in addition to working in the military, the dogs also work for the police and also as service dogs. However, dogs are still more popular as household pets. And pet owners love their dogs so much that they make them wear clothes like they would their human babies!

Dog clothes have changed over the years. At first, only the basics like T-shirts and jackets were introduced. Now the dog clothing industry is as extensive as the human clothing industry! There are all kinds of clothes in addition to accessories, shoes and even jewelry for dogs! There are also clothes specially designed for occasions like Christmas and Halloween! It can easily be said here that clothing is no longer limited to humans!

Most people would like to think of dog fashion as a new age thing. However, going through history, it can be easily understood that dog clothes were not introduced for fashion purposes. They were used for practical purposes only. Dogs have been with us for more than 12,000 years. It was quite evident from the beginning that they would start wearing clothes like us.

The first case of a clothed dog dates back to the year 1833. No common man had the luxury of buying clothes for his pet back then, so it was a royal who dressed his canine companion in royal clothes! The royalty in question is Princess Victoria and she had dressed her spaniel in a royal blue jacket. The dog clothing industry really began to gain momentum in the early 1800s.

Royal families had different clothes for their pets. Just as they themselves wore different clothes at different times of the day, their dogs would do the same as well. There were separate dog clothes for the morning, for the afternoon, for the night and also for bedtime. There were also separate costumes for going to the beach! A royal pet from that time wore nothing less than a necklace made of pure gold! They also wore silver boots!


Tips for caring for your adopted pet

Having a pet completes a family.

That is why you will find a number of families looking to buy a pet, be it a cat, dog, or hamster. This is particularly true for families without children or for families with pet-loving children. If you are hesitant to buy a pet from a breeder, why not adopt instead?

One of the best pets you can adopt is a kitten, a homeless and unwanted kitten. Pet shelters generally save road cats or cats in risky environments and bring them to the shelter. However, these shelters can only do so much. The staff will certainly appreciate you adopting one and taking good care of it.

If you decide to adopt a cat, coordinate with the staff to choose the best one for you. Animals have different personalities but staff must know them very well. You can ask questions and see which of your options appeals to you the most. After making your decision, check the package that comes with the fees you must pay for the adoption.

A reliable pet shelter should already include detox removal, microchipping, and vaccination in the package. But if any of these options are not included yet, make sure your pet is vaccinated. Prioritize vaccination to prevent diseases from harming your cat. You can use microchips to keep track of your little one.

To give your pet the best care it deserves, visit a veterinary store. You will need to buy some essential products for your new cat. What you need should include a litter box and scraper. You need food and water bowls, as well as toys and grooming equipment. You can ask the shop assistants for the right type of food to serve your kitty.

The best thing about cats is that they are friendlier and more self-reliant than most dogs. They require less attention, so it won’t be a burden to take care of one. It is not entirely true that they are distant and independent. They are very good pets for families. In fact, most tenants do not have the problem of having one in the residential area where a family lives.

In fact, adopting a cat can be very satisfying. Make it worth your time by keeping these tips in mind.


7 tips for caring for your dog in winter

Just as we take special care of ourselves, or our skin and hair in winter, our canine friends also need proper care. Take a look at 7 dog care tips for winter. Show him that his comfort and safety are important to you.

1. Fix with care – Keep the insulating layer. Don’t shave your dog down to the skin in winter. Its shaggy fur acts as an insulator from the cold and keeps it warm. Protect your skin from becoming too dry and flea free.

2. Beware of ice and snow – Ice and snow can make it lose its smell. So never let your dog get into the snowball as he loses his way back.

3. Foot care – After you return from a walk with your pet, clean its paws. They have the possibility of becoming infected due to chemicals such as antifreeze. Rock salt used to melt ice can scratch your legs.

4. Antifreeze is dangerous – Antifreeze can cause poisoning and irreparable kidney damage. Sometimes it is fatal. Be on the lookout for spills or better yet use animal-friendly brands.

5. Check the dog’s house – Keep your pet indoors if the temperature drops too low; otherwise, make sure your dog’s house is safe and warm at night. Make it windproof and also waterproof. Provide blankets and bedding especially with tile floors which can get very cold.

6. Water is essential – Keep giving your pets water during the winter months to prevent them from becoming dehydrated. Snow does not mean that water is not needed. They are like us this way! They need water to burn calories.

7. Games at home – Small game device to keep you busy indoors when the weather doesn’t allow you long walks. It is safe and will prevent you from escaping outdoors into a cold world with many infections to catch.

Have a wonderful vacation and a safe winter. To find e-books for veterinary advice on dog care, dog skin solutions, and dog food secrets, visit




History of the pines

Since the year eight hundred and ten, the city of Venice, Italy, has remained strong and powerful with its ever-present clock tower and St. Mark’s Square. However, what few people know is that “The city of Venice rests in the heart of Alerce”. In the 9th century, the name ‘Pino’ had not yet been coined, so today if you translate that saying, you get: ‘The city of Venice rests in the hearts of Pine’. Today heart pine is a very valuable building asset, so imagine that the entire city of Venice rests on hundreds of thousands of antiques, ‘pine hearts’, log, bark and all.

Pine trees throughout the world have been, since the beginning of time, a key factor in the advancement of humanity. When cavemen discovered fire, it was such a hot product that to keep their precious new discovery burning overnight, they would collect pinecones from towering pine forests and place them on burning embers. The resin would act with the humidity of the pineapples and burn for hours. The next morning, the Neanderthals were able to stoke the fire, and wisps of smoke billowed out, and as they added slag pine twigs and small, dry, lit twigs, flames began to erupt. The men caught fish with newts made from twisted and carved pine branches, and killed wild boar and small game with spears dug out of the small, narrow trunks of young pines. While the women made loincloths out of large animal skins and cooked food over flames, the men were experimenting with construction. Some believe that the caveman became the Neanderthal when he learned to build. Evolving men would drive poles into the ground and tie pine branches to the top using the tendons of the animals, and the resin from the pine was used to help secure the pine needles to the ceiling for shelter.

Pines are evergreen, coniferous trees (cones) found in all parts of the world (six of the seven continents). There are approximately one hundred and twenty species of pine trees. There are short pines, tall pines, broad pines, skinny pines, and colored pines. Pines have needle-like green to blue-gray leaves that are arranged in bundles of two to five or six to eight, depending on the species. Pine cones range in size from ½ “to 12 inches. Longleaf pine, Pinus paulustris, has one of the largest cones, up to 10 inches, and Mugo pine, Pinus mugo, has one of the largest cones. smaller than “. to 2 “. Pines can rise up to 130 feet tall, like the longleaf pine, or grow to a shrub 8 feet tall, like the Mugo pines.

Pines are so adaptable that they are known to naturally cross-pollinate between species to evolve into an improved species. This is the case of the Southeastern Sonderegger Pine, Pinus palastris x Pinus teada. A natural hybrid cross between Longleaf Pine and Loblolly pine that takes on the best qualities of both species: longer pine needles and thicker pine cones with constant faster growth, resulting in a mature tree over a period of time incredibly short.

Pines are the main source of paper products and building materials in the world. The stone pine, Pinus teada, is one of the major timber species in the United States, growing from New Jersey to Florida and Texas. The woods of this species are very compact and make them an excellent choice for pine floors.

In the 19th century, pine growers noticed that pine sap could be harvested and boiled with various by-products that could be traded equally, which made the “Tree Sap Boom” so successful. Tall oil could be taken for coughs and sore throats, and some soaps and glues were also processed, with turpentine as the main by-product. The pines also began to be harvested at this time on a commercial level, devastating forests to make paper and build houses.

Pine trees are also known around the world in the open air as a survival plant. The cambium, or sub-bark, is moist and almost sweet, but rich in vitamins A and C. In Sweden, during the winter, Swedes often prepare ‘strunt’ tea from the needles and small cones of the Pinus nigra – European Black Pine or Austrian pine.

The recommended pine cultivars for planting and growing in the United States, whether you are growing them as a sample tree, or planting entire plantations of pine trees, are as follows: Loblolly Pine, Pinus taeda; Longleaf pine, Pinus palustris; Mugo Pine, Pinus mugo ‘Compacta’; Slash pine, Pinus elliottii; Sonderegger pine, Pinus x ‘Sondereggeri’; and white pine, Pinus strobus.

“It is strange that so few come to the forest to see how the pine lives and grows and rises, raising its evergreen arms to the light ….. to see its perfect success.” – Henry David Thoreau


Log and Wood Preservatives – Creosote

Creosote is a wood preservative that is generally used in industrial applications such as railroad ties, telephone poles, and pilings. It is not used for commercial purposes where the end product will be used for and around people. From a distance it has a sweet smell, but as you get closer to the treated item, the smell is overwhelming and can be harmful. If an item treated with creosote comes into contact with the skin, it can cause a problem such as a rash. This is one of the oldest commercially used preservatives. It is a brownish / black oil that is distilled from coal tar. It has been very successful in prolonging the life of wood in contact with the ground or in humid conditions that favor the promotion and longevity of fungi. The preservative is pressed into the wood using a special pressure treatment vat.

Once the creosote is in the wood, it will not leach out with water. It also has high toxicity and therefore fungi cannot attack wood for decades. It penetrates the wood easily under a pressure treatment system and is cost effective.

Creosote is not available to homeowners for use around the house or farm. In fact, it should never be used where farm animals or humans come into contact with it. In the south, a problem arose many decades ago in which woodpeckers were attracted to the smell of creosote and pecked holes for nesting in utility poles and telephones. They would proceed to lay their eggs that never hatched due to the toxicity of creosote. The final solution was to send a wire mesh around the post at the height at which these woodpeckers normally build their nests. If this had not been done, the population of these large woodpeckers could have seriously declined.

Another note of interest regarding wood treated with creosote is its recycling after it has completed its useful service, such as old railway sleepers. Some people have bought old railway sleepers to use in construction, as in some kind of log house. The interior of the home is finished in a conventional manner and the exterior can be finished with rough sawn lumber. Therefore, the core of the house is built with old railroad ties. Bad idea! I knew of a couple who lived in such a house and then they noticed that their cats were dying of cancer. The doctors’ advice was to get out of the house and demolish it.

I have seen people rushing along the train tracks picking up old sleepers that broke into manageable pieces during their removal from the rail platform. People were gathering these pieces to use as firewood. The end result of this practice can only be health problems. Creosote cannot be painted over so the black surface is something one will have to be content with. Even with the old creosote woods that are used for the posts, a good paint will last a short period of time as the wood preservative fades through the paint.

If one could get a bucket of creosote and paint it on the wood before using it as a fence post or other ground contact purpose, it is a waste of time as it will do little to deter rot in anything other than a short term. . This also applies to pure tar. If you want to prevent rot in any use susceptible to rot, it is recommended to obtain pressure-treated materials from a wood depot. What they sell to the public will be considered safe for their end use and will save time and money in the long run. If you try to be a homegrown wood technologist, you are doomed in your endeavor.


All about adopting Australian Shepherds

There are many Australians who have given up for one reason or another and yet they are wonderful and loving dogs. For many potential Australian Shepherd owners, adopting a rescue dog can be an enormously rewarding experience. Instead of buying a puppy, you can choose to provide a home for a rescued Australian.

Australians are very good with people and children and this is also true of rescue Australians. These dogs are known for their intelligence and agility, and these traits are often displayed in rescued dogs. Typically, local rescue groups are non-profit organizations made up of volunteers who are dedicated to the breed and care deeply for the Australian Shepherds they are trying to save. These groups often remove Australians from shelters and place them in foster homes while the dogs wait to be adopted. While some of the rescued dogs have been taken out of shelters and pounded, others are turned over to rescue groups by their owners. It should be noted that most groups will not accept misbehaving dogs.

So if you are interested in adopting an Australian, your first stop should be locating the closest Australian Shepherd rescue group. Many cities and states have these groups and a quick web search will likely point you in the right direction. You will likely need to fill out an application form for the group. The less specific you are with the type of Australian you want, the faster you are likely to get a dog. For those who have specific size and color requirements, they may have to wait a bit longer before they can get a dog. Most of these dogs are offered on a first come, first serve basis. However, rescue group volunteers are likely to be very particular in trying to match the right dog with a potential owner.

Before you get the dog you want, you will first need to ask yourself a lot of questions to avoid choosing the wrong type. The younger the dog, the more likely you will have to prepare to give him a good training. You have to be sure that you have time to train a puppy to prevent him from developing unwanted habits. Australians are very intelligent dogs and if they are properly trained they will become a well mannered dog. However, Australians also have an internal herding instinct that usually needs to be addressed early so that they are not constantly nibbling on the heels of those around them.

Another question to ask yourself is whether you are willing to start socializing with the dog when it is still a puppy. Australians are extremely protective and could be challenging for those who don’t take the time to properly understand them. These dogs can be very protective so they do not allow strangers to approach their owners. However, if you have the ability to give an adopted Australian the right training, they can be loving and personable friends for life.