Build your own gold rocker box or gold crib

First developed in the goldfields of the state of Georgia, the rocker was an important gold mining tool. At the dawn of the California gold rush, the rocker box, also known as a cradle, was perhaps the most widely used gold prospecting piece of equipment. For a time it was perhaps even more important than the gold platter. This was mainly because the miner could make himself a rocking chair in the field from lumber cut in the forest. They are also easy to transport. Rocker boxes were also popular during the Klondike Gold Rush for working hillside placers that were high above streams.

The ‘seesaw’ is a box with a hopper of about 3 to 4 feet. long and 1 to 2 ft. wide, inclined like a cradle, and is mounted on semicircular pieces of wood and worked by a handle to give it lateral movement; and it is also inclined to carry the material to the lower end, which is open. At the top is a small removable hopper with a 1/2 in. perforated sheet iron bottom. Holes Beneath the hopper is a canvas platform or tray that slopes toward the head of the box but does not touch either end of the hopper-box. Several wooden rifles are placed across the box. The material is fed into the hopper and sieved with water poured over it; the lighter material is brought last, while the rifles in the box catch the gold and magnetic sand. This concentrate is cleaned and broken at the end of the operation. The seesaw is used for the same type of work as the gold pan, as it is primarily a prospecting tool. One man can wash 3 to 5 times as many yards as he can with the gold pan, and the use of the seesaw removes much of the back-breaking stress of the continuous pan. On the other hand, the easy mobility of the dish as a prospecting device is lost.

So why would a modern day prospector be interested in building his own rocker box? The primary use of a gold rocker is for mining small deposits where water is scarce. It’s not really a desert device and it uses a significant amount of water, but not as much as a floodgate. In a rock, gravel requires approximately three times its own weight of water to wash it away. So perhaps the best use is in very low water streams and waterways, where there is some water, but not enough to run a gate box. If there is enough running water to operate a gate, a gate is faster and easier to operate than a seesaw. The seesaw is only a primitive machine, having a capacity one-fifth that of the gate box, but because it is cheap, requires little water, and saves a high percentage of raw gold, the seesaw will continue to be used in many districts.

The operation of a seesaw consists of shoveling gravel onto a screen or grizzly, pouring water over it from a bucket, and at the same time giving the device a rocking motion back and forth. The grizzly retains all the large stones, which are removed by hand when they have been washed. The operator briefly examines the large rock to ensure that no large nuggets or gold specimens are thrown away. The cradle should be placed at an angle while working, and under the influence of continuous rocking from side to side, the dirt quickly disintegrates, passes through the hopper grate, and the water and undersize fall on the canvas platform that Save most of the gold and place the rest at the head end of the trough. From the platform it is conveyed to the inboard end of the cradle floor (the gate box-like section of the outrigger), from where it flows over the rapids or bars and out the mouth. Rifles, tarps, blankets, corduroy, burlap, or cocoa mats with expanded metal have been used to cover the bottom of the trough and have all had varying degrees of success in saving gold. The combination of cocoa mats covered with expanded metal laths has proven to be quite effective for most gravels. The frequency of cleaning depends on the richness and character of the gravel, but cleanings are usually necessary two to three times a day. The hopper is first removed, then the apron is slipped off and washed in a bucket or tub containing clean water, and finally the gold is scooped up behind the rifle bars and filtered.

The rocking motion used should be enough to keep the gravel stirred, allowing the gold to settle, but too vigorous a motion will cause a loss of gold. The gravel bed should shift slightly with each movement and should be evenly distributed along the length of the gutter. Generally speaking, rocker is not known for its ability to save fine gold, but with careful and expert handling, decent fine gold recoveries can be achieved. Tailings from both the beams and gate boxes should be filtered occasionally to check for gold losses. When gold is found near the bottom end of the beam or gate box, the possibility of leakage should be investigated.

Because there is no “correct” design for a rocker box, I’m not actually presenting specific plans, but on my website I give you the information you need to plan, design, and build your own rocker box if that’s what you need. That decides. do. My recommended design for a seesaw is to start by building a gate box that is 40 inches long, 16 inches wide at the bottom, sloping like a cradle, and with seesaws at each end. The hopper would be 16 inches square and 6 inches deep, with a sheet steel bottom drilled with 1/2-inch holes. This hopper box should be designed so that it can be removed for cleaning. A lightweight canvas-covered frame stretches under the hopper, forming a rifle. Quick squares of wood or steel are placed on the bottom of the sluice portion of the seesaw. Curved feet are placed under the gate portion of the box to allow it to rock back and forth. Historically, rocking chairs are constructed of wood, just as the early gold prospectors built them. However, there is no reason why you can’t build a rocker out of heavy-gauge, heavy-duty sheet aluminum. It would be much lighter than the wooden version. Remember that wood also absorbs water, and water-soaked wood is much heavier than dry wood.

Health Fitness

How to lose weight in a week – Safe!

Learning how to lose weight in a week, in a safe way, is definitely a challenge that should only be attempted by those who are really desperate to lose weight by a deadline. Getting to where you need to be in just seven days will require discipline and focus, but the payoff is great for that special event or occasion. Asian women have many techniques that they use to lose weight fast in a healthy way, today we are going to see a couple of things that you can do to lose weight quickly and easily.

How to lose weight in a week safely

Before we begin, it goes without saying that there are some things I do NOT want you to do no matter how desperate you are to lose weight fast.

No super “diet pill” or magic fasting “cleanse” program will make you lose weight fast in a way that is healthy for your body. Avoid these temptations, I know how difficult it can be, especially with the schedule you are facing. Just remember that it’s not worth sacrificing your health in the long run, and there are many natural ways to learn how to lose weight in a week safely, you just have to stay focused.

Now let’s do it!

1. “HIIT” is your new motto –Such an important collection of letters for those who want to burn fat at extreme levels, HIIT or “High Intensity Interval Training” is the core workout you are going to do this week to destroy fat cells like crazy in the shortest possible time.

To do a full HIIT workout, you just need access to flat ground (no hills, ladies, we don’t want to build thigh muscles) and a pair of running shoes. That’s all. The way the workout is done is to alternate between 60 seconds of running or moving at the fastest speed you can, followed by sliding or walking for the next 60 seconds.

This intermittent routine instantly increases your body’s natural levels of powerful fat-burning hormones, and the effect lasts a full day or more. It also helps get rid of any excess water retention you may be suffering from, which can drop a full 3-4 pounds just by the last day of the week.

Do as many HIIT cycles per session as you can, trust me you won’t do more than 10-15 minutes max. In just that short amount of time, you’ll burn more calories and more fat than if you’d spent 45 minutes on a treadmill.

Do this routine every other day, in this case I want you to do it four times during a seven day week. On days off, take a 30-45 minute walk around the neighborhood for a good metabolic boost. This powerful method is one of the key answers to the question of how to lose weight in a week, and it is constantly used by those in the know.

In fact, if you’ve ever wondered the secret to how celebrities get in shape with personal trainers so quickly before a photo shoot or movie, now you know. HIT! Asian women have used various forms of this regimen for centuries, replacing running with other activities. As long as you’re doing your best, you’re doing well, even if it’s just dancing!

2. Protein, protein and more protein –I want your meals this week to revolve around protein based foods, and I want them to be natural organic sources of protein.

Fish, tofu, chicken, turkey, eggs, lean meat, soy, and other forms of protein are fine, so choose each day and have these building blocks in the center of your plate every time you eat. Proteins cause huge increases in your metabolic rate and are a great booster to your fat burning potential.

Toss in a handful of vegetables, without dressing or butter, to complement the main protein food you have selected, and of course, completely avoid all “white” carbohydrates such as bread, pasta, sweets, cakes, etc.

For this week carbohydrates are your enemy, except for that handful of vegetables, because they tend to make us retain fluid and feel bloated. Sugary carbs are even worse, they add empty calories to our system that end up as pure fat most of the time.

Focus on protein at all meals, eliminate or minimize carbs. You can do it if you are determined to look good at the end of the week, and remember this type of formula every time you need to repeat the process of how to lose weight in a week.

How to lose weight permanently, without exercising or starving

You’re not going to learn the best ways to lose weight in a week permanently with just a quick article or a short article on a technique or two. To truly understand how Asian women can get their incredibly slim bodies while eating all they want requires a close look at all their secret techniques and methods.

Legal Law

Happy, are we?

I asked a simple question in the last seminar:

“How much has everyone improved in the year since we last met?”

I have practiced the same basics every day for decades.

Everyday Rain or shine. Summer, winter, spring and autumn. And again………………………………………

And I’m never satisfied. I’m not fast enough, I don’t hit hard enough, my basic “technique” is NOT entirely satisfactory.

I don’t train many “techniques”. But I train such “techniques” a lot.

Basic fundamental things. That’s all I can handle.

Over and over and over and over and over again……………………………….

Know why?

Because I am NEVER satisfied. I’m not fast enough, I don’t hit hard enough, my basic “technique” is NOT entirely satisfactory.

No! I am NEVER happy.

It would be nice to “do” more advanced, complex and exotic things.

But personally I can’t justify it. I see too much room for improvement in the most basic fundamental things.

Because I’m never satisfied. I’m not fast enough, I don’t hit hard enough, my basic “technique” is NOT entirely satisfactory.

I guess the problem is that I have no idea when these basics become “good” enough. It seems to me that I could spend the rest of my life constantly working to improve just a handful of solid basics and still NEVER be satisfied. Never be fast enough, never hit hard enough.

Curse. Etched to an existence of fundamental basics. Well, I guess I’m just one of the lucky few.

Copyright 2003 ©

Lifestyle Fashion

The 6 Best Kayaking Destinations in the World

As a kayaker, whether you want a slow-paced adventure or blast your way through a curtain of white water, there are destinations to fulfill any kayaker’s wish list. When considering the top kayak destinations, there are several factors that need to be taken into account. These factors include closeness to nature, abundant and varied wildlife, and adventure. Opportunities for all skill levels play a role in considering the best destination. The above factors are not the only factors. We have just named a few.

Kayaking is an exciting sporting and recreational activity for all ages. It provides an excellent exercise for the whole body. In addition, each kayaker can enjoy as close as possible to the natural environment that surrounds him. While there are wonderful and exciting places to kayak around the world, there are destinations every kayaker should never miss. Some of the top kayak destinations are:

1. Glacier Bay, Alaska:

Since John Muir visited Glacier Bay in 1879, the area has opened up countless fjords and bays for sea kayaking and offered 16 tidal water glaciers to explore. The area offers another advantage, that is, one has the best chance of witnessing the stages of plant succession left behind by retreating glaciers. The ‘bush’ in Alaska, as it is known locally, is made up of tundra, salt marshes and dozens of active volcanoes along with the Aleutian Islands, an archipelago of 300 inhabitants that stretches like Christmas lights between the Americas and Asia.

Alaska is home to a fascinating diversity of wildlife. Land fauna includes wolves, beavers, and moose, while sea lions, whales, and marine colonies abound in the peninsula’s waters. Alaska is a huge place with a plethora of options for adventure seekers and the question is how to fit it all together to make the most of all the options available in Alaska.

2. Kayaking in Baja, Mexico.

With approximately 2,000 miles of wild and rugged coastline and only a short drive from the US, the Gulf of California is one of the top kayaking destinations in the world. Sail through coves, around rocks, caves, empty beaches or whale watching on the many kayak routes on offer here. There are about 100 islands in the Gulf of California, with about half of them protected as ultra-biodiversity reserve sites and all of them surrounded by crystal blue seas. The climate in this area is temperate all year round and enjoys calm seas thanks to the shielding of the peninsula itself.

As you tour Baja, you’re sure to see marine animals visiting this secluded paradise as you kayak through calm, clear waters and marvel at the enchanting island backdrops. Kayaking aside, the region is now seeing a return to its unique biodiversity that was once threatened due to overfishing. In Baja Mexico, there are large colonies of species endemic to the region, as well as a staggering number of rare plant species numbering around 3,500 species in total, many of which are found nowhere else on earth.

3. Kayaking in New Zealand.

New Zealand literally has everything to offer. Along with the giant national park, it has great kayaking spots. The bay has remote coves, beaches, caves, and year-round tropical weather so you can visit when you have time. New Zealand offers a wide variety of wildlife. Milford Sound is New Zealand’s largest attraction and was formed over millions of years of glacial activity.

Milford Sound offers unparalleled beauty whose scale and majesty set it apart from anywhere else on the planet. The mountains in this area are huge and lush with vegetation, waterfalls cascade hundreds of meters down vertical cliffs, and the sea runs through valleys that are crystal clear. Ascending through lush beech rainforest and into the alpine setting at the top, you’ll be rewarded with panoramic views of the surrounding mountains, alpine lakes and deep bush-covered valleys.

4. Dalmatian coast in Croatia

The Croatian coast is lined with pine forests and limestone cliffs. It’s not necessarily the tropical paradise you find in the South Pacific, but it’s a unique and engaging trip you’re sure not to forget. The large number of islands off the Croatian coast will give you plenty of options on where to go.

5. Greek Islands.

For those of us who prefer real kayaking, the Greek islands offer thousands of great waters for sea kayaking. On these islands where sea kayaking is civilized, it is possible to row from one island to another. There are plenty of coves and remote spots you can kayak to.

One of the Cyclades islands in Greece is Milos. It has a Mamma Mia-like setting of turquoise blue seas, matching pale golden skies and sands. Milos’s main claim to fame is that it’s the place where the Venus de Milo statue was found in 1820, but the man-made artifacts pale in comparison when you look at Milos’ natural beauty. Milos’s moonscape, where rocky crops of burnt reds, earthy browns, and pure whites come together, is a great scene-stealer on any ancient artifact. Since you will be sea kayaking along the coast of Milos, you will be able to go where most other boats cannot.

6. The west coast of Scotland.

The west coast of Scotland is home to countless sea lochs, inlets and islands dotted amongst an achingly beautiful highland panorama and it’s hard to think of a better way to explore the area than by sea kayak.

Scotland is blessed with all kinds of fantastic waters for kayaking, but its coastline and the sea kayaking it offers is truly a jewel in its aquatic crown. Walking along the Scottish coastlines you will see thousands of miles of inlets, sea caves, coves and islands to explore and the sea kayak is the perfect vessel for the job.

Wherever you go, you’ll find a plethora of wildlife, ancient culture, and the Scots are renowned for their hospitality. The west coast offers fantastic sandy beaches, rugged reefs, and abundant wildlife. You can enjoy the beauty of the area while the seals swim curiously below your boat. It is simply a magical sea kayak area.

Real Estate

Offshore Services and Real Estate in Panama: A Must Read for All Serious Investors

Situated in Central America and bordered by the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, the Republic of Panama is a small Latin American country that has been largely overlooked as a potential offshore financial center. However, things seem to be changing in recent times with this country being preferred as one of the most sought after destinations for investment, particularly in securities and real estate. As a result, there has been an increased search for reputable offshore companies that provide reliable offshore services in Panama.

Panama is strategically an important destination for the United States mainly due to its proximity to the Panama Canal. As a result of this, Panama now has one of the strongest economies in the world. An important part of Panama’s economic prosperity is due to its banking sector. In fact, offshore banking in Panama is considered the second largest in the world after Switzerland. With a network of more than 85 banking institutions from 35 different countries, Panama’s offshore banking industry is now considered one of the most advanced international banking jurisdictions in the world providing clients with a sophisticated, reliable and secure service.

Offshore banking in Panama provides a variety of services to clients, such as wealth protection, property management, legal consultation, and insurance. Apart from these, Panama Offshore services also offer investment opportunities to a large extent in sectors such as stock markets and real estate.

In recent years, more and more foreigners are becoming interested in real estate investments. This is because, in Panama, foreigners enjoy a similar status to any other citizen of the country in terms of buying and owning property in Panama. Since the entire process is combined with Panama’s highly reliable banking system, it becomes a completely safe and hassle-free experience for foreigners to invest in Panama.

For foreigners, the biggest advantage of investing in real estate in Panama is that finding a bank loan in Panama is easy and convenient. Second, you don’t need to go through any complex procedures to get approved for a home loan. In simple terms, home loan approval is almost guaranteed to anyone who can show substantial evidence regarding loan repayment.

In most cases, one can find Panamanian banks that finance 70% mortgages to foreigners willing to buy an existing or pre-construction property in Panama. Generally, the loan amount is provided on either the purchase price or the appraised market value, whichever is less. However, for people who want to buy a piece of land in Panama, finding a bank loan in Panama can be a bit difficult since banks usually have limitations on this type of investment.

The reduced or low interest rate on mortgage loans is another aspect that could encourage foreign investors to place their investment in real estate in Panama. In general, interest rates in Panama continue to fluctuate depending on the economic situation of the country. An interesting aspect of banking in Panama is that Panamanian banks are flexible. Depending on a person’s bargaining power, interest rates tend to vary. And the repayment term of the loan can range from a minimum of 5 years to a maximum of 20 years. All you need to do is send all the required documents to the selected bank.

To find the best deal and avoid any fraud, it is important to be careful, do your research, and shop around. With Panama Offshore Services, one does not need to worry about all these aspects anymore, since these services are provided by professionals with considerable experience in the industry. These people deal with the needs of the customers and suggest suitable solutions.

Shopping Product Reviews

the muslim period

The Muslim period was from 600 to 1600 AD in the history of chemistry and is known as the period of alchemy. in the middle ages, chemistry received a job boost. During the first centuries of Hijra, the Muslim scientist made a rich contribution to the various branches of science, especially in the field of chemistry and introduced scientific methods and experiments. modern scientific knowledge is based on the contributions of these Muslim scholars.

Alchemists developed and used many laboratory equipment such as funnels, breakers, crucibles for melting and fusing, retorts for distilling, balances for weighing, etc. They discovered various acids, alcohols and medicines.

Jabir Ibne-Haiyan (AD 721-803), generally known as the father of alchemy, invented experimental methods for the preparation of nitric acid, hydrochloric acid, and white lead. He also developed methods for the extraction of metals from his ores and dye cloth.

Al-Razi (862-930 AD) was a physician, alchemist, and philosopher. He was a skilled surgeon and was the first to use opium as an anesthetic. He divided substances into living and non-living origins, which was later adopted by Berzellius, in 1806 to classify chemical compounds on the basis of their origins as organic and inorganic compounds. Al-Razi prepared ethyl alcohol through the fermentation process.

Al-Beruni (973-1048 AD) contributed a lot in physics, metaphysics, mathematics, geography and history. in the field of chemistry, he determined the densities of different substances.

Ibne-Sina (980-1037 AD) was famous for his contribution in the field of medicine, medicinal chemistry, philosophy, mathematics, and astronomy.

These Muslim alchemists were more interested in finding a way to prolong life and turn base metals like lead and copper into gold. Although his efforts were futile, his investigations led to the discovery of many substances and laid the foundations of chemistry. At the end of the 16th century, sulfuric acid, nitric acid, hydrochloric acid, silver nitrate, etc. were discovered. Chemist of that period, however, he devoted his energies mainly to the production of drugs for medicinal use.


Religious roots of football clubs

In some ways, soccer has become similar to religion.

Every weekend for nine months, large groups of people make pilgrimages to stadiums across the country to support their team. They often wear replica jerseys or their team colors to identify themselves.

However, like religion, rivalries have caused conflict, often resulting in violence between the two parties. Of course, hooligans don’t really think about religion when they’re beating up rival fans, but they still go around thinking they’re following. the true faith.

With the amount of money now in the game, it is often forgotten that several of Britain’s top clubs were formed by religious groups. And ironically, eradicating violence was one of their goals when they installed them.

Even today, there are many schemes to get young people off the street and into sports, but religion does not play as much of a role in society as before.

In the 19th century, the church was more influential, and in several cases, clubs set up by parishes have become multi-million dollar companies.

Brother Walfrid’s Boys

North of the border, there is one such club that still has ties to religion: Celtic.

Irish Catholic communities formed several clubs, the first of which was Hibernian in Edinburgh.

(its name is Latin for Ireland).

Unlike the others, however, the connections between the Bhoys and their roots remain strong to this day.

They were first thought up on 6 November 1887 by the Marist Brother Walfrid (also known as Andrew Kearns) in the hall of St Mary’s Church in Calton, Glasgow.

The club was created with the intention of alleviating poverty in the East End of the city. The name, Celtic, was immediately adopted and reflected the club’s Scottish and Irish roots. Surprisingly, the club’s first official match was played against Rangers on November 6, 1888 in what was probably the only “friendly meeting” between the two teams.

The Bhoys became the first to claim bragging rights, as they won 5–2, with several of the starting XI players on loan from Hibernian.

Brother Walfrid himself wanted to keep the supporters’ club and had only charitable intentions for the club. However, he was unable to carry out his wish, as local builder John Glass would sign eight Hibs players without the committee’s knowledge in August 1888, while he offered them huge financial incentives.

Now that the club is a professional team, they soon established themselves as one of the best teams in Scotland, winning their first trophy (the Scottish Cup) in 1892, and their first league title the following year. Since then, along with Rangers (who were made up of rowers) they have dominated Scottish football for over a century.

The other team that has played at Anfield

Today, Everton play their home games at Goodison Park.

But it’s often forgotten that they once played on the other side of Stanley Park, where their deadly rivals Liverpool now live.

In fact, the Toffees may claim to be indirectly responsible for the formation of their neighbor.

Everton became the first of Liverpool’s major clubs to form in 1878.

The minister of the Methodist Church of Santo Domingo, Rev. BS Chambers, created a soccer club so that the members of the church’s cricket team would have something to do during the winter.

The club was originally called St Domingo FC but was changed to Everton in November the following year after men from outside the parish wanted to come and join.

Everton became one of the 12 founding members of the Football League in 1888 and by then the club was renting Anfield, owned by John Orrell with his friend John Houlding as the lessee.

Eventually Houlding bought the land from Orrell and promptly raised the rent, something Everton refused to do.

So they left Anfield in 1892 and moved to the other side of Stanley Park and their current home, Goodison Park, which resulted in Houlding forming Liverpool.

But this is not where Everton’s religious ties end, as Goodison Park is the only Premier League stadium with a church on its grounds: St Luke the Evangelist.

The church is located between the three-tiered main stand and the end of Gwladys Street and the walls are a few meters from these two stands.

It even has a role to play on match days, selling refreshments.

blue faith

While its more illustrious neighbors were made up of employees of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company, Manchester’s blue half team was thought up by a rector’s daughter.

Two years after the creation of what became Manchester United, Anna Connell, whose

Father Arthur, rector of St Mark’s Church in Gorton, in the northwest of the city, sought to provide activities for men who had nothing to do in the winter.

Like Everton, a cricket club already existed and more activities were needed to curb the levels of violence and alcoholism in the local area.

Ironic, considering these are the sorts of things now associated with the football fan.

Alcoholic fights between different religious and racial groups often broke out, and the problems were made worse by high levels of unemployment in the area.

With the help of two church keepers, William Beastow and Thomas Goodbehere, Connell created West Gorton (St Mark’s) FC, the club that eventually became Manchester City.

The club played its first game against Macclesfield Baptist Church on November 13, 1880.

The initiative was so successful that it led the Archdeacon of Manchester to comment of Connell: “No man could have done it, it took a woman’s tact and skill to make it so successful.”

Eventually the club would move away from its roots.

He dropped St Mark’s from his name to become Gorton AFC in 1884 and three years later moved across town to Ardwick and turned professional.

It adopted the name of its new home before finally becoming Manchester City in 1894.

well of uncertainty

It’s not just the most famous clubs that owe a debt of gratitude to the Church, and in this case, the man in the cloth even got in on the action.

For a long time there was some debate as to when Swindon Town was formed and the club switched between the founding dates of 1879 and 1881.

For a long time the later date was considered official as on 12 November of that year, Swindon, under their previous guise of Spartan Club, merged with St Mark’s Young Men’s after a match between the two teams.

But last year, substantial evidence led the Robins to recognize 1879 as the correct date.

It is now accepted that the Reverend William Pitt, curate of Christ Church in the city centre, formed the club in an attempt to unite the communities of Great Western Railway workers and those who were there before GWR came along.

There are two main pieces of evidence that suggest this was the case.

One of these is a local report, discovered by former club statistician Paul Plowman, of a match between Swindon AFC and Rovers FC on 29 November 1879.

The report included a team photo that included Pitt himself.

Pitt broke ties with the club in 1881, when he was appointed rector of Liddington Church.

However, he provided the other proof during a speech in 1911, during which

said the name was changed to Spartan Club as members found the original name too complicated.

He also mentioned that his removal from Swindon led to his departure.

Two years after his departure, Spartan Club became Swindon Town.

The clue is in the name

When Southampton moved from The Dell to St Mary’s Stadium in 2001, it was a bit of a homecoming.

Because the club moved back to the part of the city where it was originally formed in 1885.

The name of the stadium was a welcome change from the current trend of selling naming rights, as it referred to the nearby church.

The club was set up by members of the Young Men’s Association of St Mary’s Church of England, meaning their first name was rather wordy, leading to them being referred to as St. Mary’s YMA in the local press.

St. Mary’s played a variety of venues around Southampton, one of the first being Southampton Common.

Or at least they tried to play there – the Saints often had their games interrupted by pedestrians wandering the field!

The club had changed its name to Southampton St Mary’s when it became a limited company in 1897, ending its association with the church.

In 1898 the Saints, now simply called Southampton FC, moved across town to The Dell before making the return trip 103 years later.

more cloth sticks

There are many other football clubs that have their roots in the church, some more successful than others.

This season’s FA Cup semi-finalists Barnsley were originally a club trying to give football a foothold in an area dominated by rugby union.

The Tykes were formed in 1887 by the wonderfully named Reverend Tiverton Preedy of St Peters’, whose church lent the club its name as Barnsley St Peters’.

He wanted to create ‘a football club that rugby players don’t crush’.

The club moved to Oakwell soon after, but by 1897, Preedy had left the area and their fan base now included those outside the local parish, leading to a name change to Barnsley FC.

Aston Villa also had to deal with other sports when they were created.

They were formed by members of the Wesleyan Village Chapel of the Cross in 1874 who, like several

of the other clubs mentioned were cricketers looking for something else to do during the winter.

It took them a year to find opponents in an area where rugby was more popular and they were in fact a rugby team.

In March 1875 they faced Aston Brooks St Mary’s in which the first half would be played under the rules of rugby and the second football.

Villa won this encounter, keeping the first half scoreless and scoring a solitary goal after half time.

Tottenham Hotspur’s Jewish connections are well known, but were in fact founded by a Bible class.

‘The Hotspur Football Club’ was born in 1882 thanks to a group of children from the primary school at All Hallow Church.

These boys later made their teacher, John Ripsher, the club’s first president, a position he held until 1894.

Ripsher died in poverty in 1907 and was buried in an unmarked grave in Dover, until Tottenham presented him with a suitable headstone a century later.

The Church of England Church on Star Road, West Kensington can be credited with the formation of Fulham in 1879.

The Cottagers were originally a Sunday school team and began their existence, like Southampton, with a neat name: Fulham St Andrews Church Sunday School.

The church still stands and a plaque outside acknowledges its place in the club’s history.

Tours Travel

Paris’ history

Ernest Hemmingway, the famous American novelist and Nobel laureate once said, “If you are lucky enough to have lived in Paris when you were young, then wherever you go for the rest of your life, it will stay with you, because Paris is a moving party.” . .” Such is the beauty and splendor of the city.

Paris was founded at the end of the 3rd century BC. C. by the Celtic tribes of Gaul who settled in a region called Île de la Cité. This is where modern Paris is located. Paris derives its name from its colonists who were called the Parisii.

The city was taken by Julius Caesar, the Roman Emperor in 52 BC. The Romans built their city Lutetia on the left bank of the Seine River, which later became known as the Latin Quarter. They continued to rule until the 5th century AD, greatly influencing the culture. Roman influence began to wane around AD 400. C. after the German invasions and in 508 d. C. the Romans had completely disappeared.

In AD 512 Clovis of the Franks established his kingdom and made Paris his capital. He was considered by the French as their first king. In AD 987, Hugh Capet, the Count of Paris, became King of France, and Paris gained a reputation as the center of French government.

Work on Notre Dame Cathedral began in this period. The Sorbonne University of Learning and the Louvre Museum opened around the 13th century.

As a result of the ongoing Hundred Years War, English rulers seized Paris in 1420. However, under the able leadership of Joan of Arc, English forces were driven out in 1429. Paris flourished during the Renaissance period, where he saw flourishing growth in art. , architecture, commerce and literature.

King Louis XIV reigned as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715. He increased France’s power in Europe, but unfortunately emptied the treasury with his penchant for fighting and patronage of buildings like the Palace of Versailles.

Hot on the heels of the French Revolution that overthrew the monarchy in the 18th century, Napoleon Bonaparte rose to power. But his desire for expansion caused the fall of the city after his exile. In the 1800s, Napoleon’s nephew named himself Napoleon III and revived Paris. During his 17-year rule, Paris prospered, but the people of France, demanding a Republic, overthrew their King.

With that, the Republic of France was created and Paris became a place rich in culture, art and architecture. Today, Paris is an important cosmopolitan center and also the most visited city in the world.


Overcome 4 obstacles to a positive attitude

There are four obstacles that stand in the way of a positive attitude. They are fear, worry, anger and doubt. Whenever things don’t go as planned, our immediate response is to become fearful.

We as people struggle with the fear of loss. We are afraid of losing our money or wasting too much of our effort on something. We are so afraid of losing our emotional and sometimes physical investment in what we have done. The fear of loss. Personal development teaches us that we will get what we think about most, at this point we are now thinking about our potential losses instead of focusing on our potential gains.

This is how fear operates. Fear will trigger worry to the point where we start using our imagination to create all kinds of negative images, which will cause a lot of unhappiness that will prevent us from acting effectively.

Fear and worry create anger. So instead of moving in the direction of our dreams, we respond, react, and start playing the blame game. We blame others, as well as circumstances, for our problems or challenges.

All these negative emotions now become fertile ground for doubt. To remove these negative obstacles and move to positive thinking, it is essential that the emotion of doubt is weakened.

How in the world does one do that, you may ask?

This may surprise you, but the only antidote to the emotions of fear, worry, and doubt is to take positive action toward some worthwhile goal. We must focus our minds and concentrate on one thing at a time.

Successful people always consciously choose to think about what they want instead of the things they don’t want. This means that successful people repeatedly take action to achieve their goals and don’t think or worry about the obstacles they are bound to face.

To ensure that you succeed in whatever you strive for, you must first overcome the four negative obstacles of fear, worry, anger, and doubt that tend to get in the way of staying positive. Focus on remembering the successful passes, stay focused and keep that winning attitude.


Aerial Advertising Benefits

Even if business owners don’t think about aerial advertising when planning their annual advertising budget, they should.

There are many distinct advantages to using airplane advertising. In many cases, the advantage of using in-flight advertising over more “traditional” advertising media is quite significant.

When planning an advertising budget, business owners should consider the various advantages of using aerial advertising as a medium to convey a message. The return on the initial investment could be significant.

Some of the benefits include:

Cost savings

First of all, aerial advertising is profitable. You can easily reach thousands of people in a small period of time. You don’t have to assume they will watch the commercial and not switch channels. You can be sure that when aircraft messages appear, they will look up to the sky and pay attention to the passing announcement.

That means no money is wasted on advertising that is not read or paid attention to. In fact, it is estimated that airplane advertising costs about 50 cents per thousand people. No matter what deal a radio station or newspaper offers, it’s hard to beat the return on your aerial advertising dollar. Profitable is.


It is unusual and provides a break from the usual. People pay attention to aerial advertising, probably because it’s not something you see often. As they lie in the sun on the beach on a lazy July day, they look up at the sky when messages from airplanes appear.

In addition, that novelty leads to memory. In other words, people remember the aerial advertisements they see more than other types of advertising. This is partly because of the novelty: they stop and say “hey, look at that plane and the banner!” – But it is also the attention that the banners attract. Studies show that people will generally see the billboard as it passes by and continue to watch it until it is out of sight. That’s a solid block of time where the target audience is focusing on the advertiser’s message.

not intrusive

To get the message across, advertisers using the banner trailer do not intrude on people’s homes, their living room tables, or their cars. They are simply providing a message that flies over the beach, or an event, or other gathering.

People do not feel that their privacy, their opinions or their personal readings have been invaded. This advertising actually does something that most advertising can’t: provide a welcome distraction, entertainment, and something new to talk about.

Increase ad recall

People remember aerial advertising more than any other advertising medium. Studies have shown that, when asked, 77% of people who had just seen airplane advertisements remembered what was advertised on the billboard. Another 67% could remember what was advertised.

These numbers are much higher than the response to other types of advertising such as radio and print ads.

All of these benefits add up to one big benefit: better use of your ad dollar, and better return on that dollar.

Aerial advertising services are available from companies that specialize in this type of advertising. The Internet is a good source of information when choosing aerial advertising services. Arnold Aerial Advertising is one of the companies that provides such services. Located in New York, Arnold Aerial Advertising provides service nationwide at affordable rates.